Abstract: the low age of myopia means the increase of the risk of high myopia. Compared with normal people, high myopia is prone to retinal hole, detachment, cataract, glaucoma and other diseases, which is one of the main causes of low vision and blindness. According to the data of
China Youth eye health survey report, 45.4% of parents have not taken the initiative to understand the knowledge of myopia prevention and control, and a considerable number of parents believe that children’s myopia is “no big deal” and “it doesn’t matter as long as it doesn’t affect their study”.
at present, the popularity of smart phones, tablets and other products has changed children’s way of life and learning. More and more close eye use is the main reason for the high incidence of myopia. Parents only know that excessive use of eyes will lead to myopia, but they do not understand its threat – the aging of myopia is by no means as simple as a pair of glasses! The low age of
myopia means that the risk of high myopia is increased. Compared with normal people, high myopia is prone to retinal hole, detachment, cataract, glaucoma and other diseases, which is one of the main causes of low vision and blindness. At the same time, most of the screen displays such as computers and mobile phones we use use use LED technology. Although LED has the advantages of energy saving and power saving, it will emit high-intensity and high-frequency blue purple visible light, which is what we often call “blue light”.
blue light is very unfriendly to the eyes. The high-energy blue light generated by LED can penetrate the cornea and lens and directly reach the macular area of the fundus. Common blue light hazards include aggravating retinal macular diseases, causing visual blur, visual fatigue, inhibiting melatonin secretion and so on. High energy blue light will cause the death of light sensitive cells, lead to the gradual decline of vision, and even complete loss in severe cases.
research cases show that blue light is the most harmful to children aged 6-19, accounting for about 90%. Before the age of 6, children’s eyes are not fully developed. When playing with LED display devices such as mobile phones, we should pay special attention to blue light, because blue light will cause permanent damage to the retina, which is irreversible!
true and false myopia can’t be distinguished. You can’t take off
when wearing glasses. If parents find that their children often blink, squint, rub their eyes, or their eyes are tired, they should pay attention to whether their children are myopia! Some of the older generation’s ideas are “myopia, don’t wear glasses, it’s natural”, or “wearing glasses will get deeper and deeper”. This idea is one-sided.
initially found that children may have myopia. Parents must take their children to professional institutions for optometry and optometry training, rather than blindly matching glasses or letting them go.
why do you do this?
because children can’t see clearly, at first, there is a situation of “false myopia”, which is the tension of eye muscles caused by children’s long-term close learning. After a period of rest or optometry training, they can return to normal state.
children with pseudomyopia usually have a degree of detection, but their eyesight is normal after mydriasis. At this time, it is really difficult to take off their glasses blindly.
for true myopia, the growth of ocular axis is irreversible. Wearing glasses can effectively reduce visual fatigue and reduce the increase of degree, and then cooperate with visual training to enhance the ability of eye adjustment and improve the development of visual acuity.
“eyes” bathe in sunshine to prevent myopia
in 1992, Wang Yanhua, Professor of Ophthalmology of Tianjin Medical University, and Geng Guanyi, Professor of epidemiology, first proposed to establish an eye love day in the country. In 1996, 12 ministries and commissions including the Ministry of health and the Ministry of Education jointly issued a notice to list the eye love day as one of the national festivals, And set June 6 every year as “national eye love day”.
nevertheless, the public’s knowledge of visual health is still very scarce. The latest research report of the World Health Organization shows that at present, the number of myopia patients in China is up to 600 million, and the rate of juvenile myopia is the highest in the world. When parents see their children reading in the carriage, they will praise their children for their hard work. It is normal to go to cram school on weekends. They start their children’s early education through various ways such as pad, and “don’t lose at the starting line”… The “value of the times” – the “national disease” of juvenile myopia has always been ignored.
myopia focuses on prevention. It may be difficult to prevent children from using mobile phones and tablets at this stage. What other methods can nip out the signs of myopia in the cradle?
Mingpu Huishi provides a particularly effective “sunshine prescription” – encouraging children to go outdoors for 1-2 hours every day. You know, the spectrum of outdoor and indoor light is completely different ~ outdoor light can stimulate the release of dopamine, slow down the elongation of ocular axis in development, and play a role in preventing myopia.
many parents are eager for their children. When their children are only in kindergarten, they sign up for early education classes for intellectual development. At the weekend, they are occupied by foreign languages, abacus, musical instruments, vocal music and chess, sacrificing their children’s due physical exercise and outdoor play time.
who is making “small glasses”?
it’s really distressing to see a little child with thick lenses. Mingpu Huishi hereby calls on everyone to pay more attention to the visual health of teenagers and children, give children more space, don’t be stingy about going outdoors for an hour every day, and don’t let glasses become the “standard” for every child!