Abstract: Generally speaking, if both parents are highly myopic, the probability of inheritance will be greater. Such families should pay more attention to their children’s visual development. Because the problem of high myopia is not only that you can’t see clearly, but also various complications will occur with the growth of age, which can lead to blindness.
in many organs, although the size of the eye is small, its precision and demand for nutrients, oxygen and blood are no less than any organ.
but for a long time, the eye has not received due attention, and people do not know much about it. They lack a correct understanding of all kinds of eye diseases. For children’s eyes, parents have always attached great importance to it, never lack the awareness of protection, but lack scientific methods.
are the questions often consulted by seven parents. Let’s have a look!
Q1: can myopia be inherited?
myopia do have certain genetic factors, but most of them are the result of the joint action of heredity and environment. Scientific eye use can prevent and control the occurrence and aggravation of myopia.
generally speaking, if both parents are highly myopic, the probability of inheritance will be relatively large. Such families should pay more attention to their children’s visual development. Because the problem of high myopia is not only that you can’t see clearly, but also various complications will occur with the growth of age, which can lead to blindness. If parents find that their children like to tilt their heads, bow their heads, squint or watch closely, they should see a doctor in time.
Q2: is acupuncture reliable in the treatment of myopia?
the World Health Organization has included myopia in the list of diseases that can be treated with acupuncture and moxibustion. Acupuncture and moxibustion is mainly used to select acupoints around the eyes, limbs and back. By stimulating these acupoints, it plays the role of dredging meridians and activating collaterals, promoting qi and blood circulation, tonifying Yin blood of liver and kidney and stimulating Yang Qi. At the same time of acupuncture and moxibustion, combined with neck massage, increase the blood supply of vertebral artery, improve eye blood circulation and increase eye nutrition. Acupuncture with
has a good effect on pseudomyopia and can delay the further deterioration of true myopia.
Q3: does eating sweets really affect your eyesight? When the sugar in
sweets is metabolized in the human body, it needs a lot of vitamin B1 and consumes a lot of calcium in the body. Vitamin B1 has a protective effect on the optic nerve. Its content will affect the state of the optic nerve, and calcium plays an irreplaceable role in maintaining the normal pressure of ocular lens.
are not only sweets. If children eat a partial diet and have unbalanced nutrition, it will affect their eyes.
Q4: is hyperopia more harmful than myopia in children?
children are born with hyperopia because their eyeballs are not mature. Most children’s hyperopia is physiological, but about 20% of children’s hyperopia is abnormal. Hyperopia is actually more serious than myopia, because if hyperopia is not corrected in time, it will lead to amblyopia and strabismus in children.
for low-grade hyperopia with visual fatigue symptoms without amblyopia, the main purpose is to eliminate discomfort symptoms, and glasses or training can be provided according to the situation.
for medium and high hyperopia, their near and far vision will decline to varying degrees, most of them will be accompanied by amblyopia and even visual fatigue symptoms, which need to be treated systematically in regular hospitals.
Q5: is amblyopia best treated before the age of 6?
like many diseases, the improvement of amblyopia is “early”. The harm of amblyopia is that many patients fail to find and treat early in childhood, and lose the opportunity to form good vision and stereo vision.
according to the newly revised diagnostic criteria for amblyopia in children, the criteria for amblyopia are: the visual acuity of children under 3 years old is less than 0.5; Less than 0.6 from 4 to 5 years old; Less than 0.7 from 6 to 7 years old; Or binocular vision difference of more than 2 lines. The physical training of
Mingpu Huishi has broken the traditional limitation that amblyopia over the age of 12 is not easy to improve. Over age amblyopia can also improve vision and remove glasses!
Q6: under what circumstances should children’s astigmatism be treated?
are generally called astigmatism, which refers to regular astigmatism. This kind of astigmatism is mostly congenital, mainly caused by abnormal corneal radian.
in normal infants, the proportion of this astigmatism is very high. Usually, the incidence of severe astigmatism is very low, and severe astigmatism often occurs in hyperopia and myopia. Generally, if the visual acuity test results of children aged 3-5 reach more than 0.5 and the astigmatism degree of mydriatic optometry is less than 75 degrees, there is no need to take deliberate measures. However, if the astigmatism degree of mydriatic optometry is greater than 100 degrees, it is easy to cause eye fatigue and amblyopia, you should wear small glasses for correction. This correction can delay the development of myopia.
Q7: is it really useful to protect children’s eyesight and play table tennis?
playing table tennis is really good for the prevention and improvement of myopia. When playing table tennis, the two eyes take the ball as the goal and keep looking up, down, left, right, far and near, which makes the ciliary muscle and extraocular muscle contract and relax alternately, which greatly promotes the blood supply and metabolism of ocular tissue and improves the tension of ciliary muscle.
are not only table tennis, but also many sports play a positive role in the prevention and treatment of myopia, such as basketball, football, running and so on. What parents should do is to encourage their children to take more outdoor sports.
pay attention to children’s daily diet
1. Foods rich in vitamin A: foods containing vitamin A can prevent conjunctiva and cornea from drying and metamorphosis, and can prevent and treat “dry eye disease”. Vitamin A can also enhance the adaptability of the eyes to the dark environment.
foods rich in vitamin A include animal liver, cod liver oil, milk and eggs, green, red and yellow vegetables and orange fruits, such as carrots, spinach, leeks, green peppers, cabbage, shepherd’s purse, kelp, laver, orange, Hami melon and mango.
2. Foods rich in vitamin C: Vitamin C is one of the components of eyeball lens. IfLack of vitamin C can easily lead to crystal opacity and cataract. Therefore, the baby should eat an appropriate amount of food rich in vitamin C every day.
foods with high vitamin C content include fresh jujube, green vegetables, cabbage, cauliflower, green pepper, balsam pear, rape, tomato, bean sprout, potato, radish, citrus, orange, strawberry, hawthorn, apple, etc.
3. Foods rich in calcium: calcium can eliminate eye muscle tension. Beans and bean products in food, milk, fish, shrimp, shrimp skin, kelp, cuttlefish and other aquatic products; Dried peanuts, walnuts and lotus seeds; Mushrooms and mushrooms of edible fungi. Black fungus; Green leafy vegetables, such as green vegetable seedlings, celery, amaranth and coriander, are rich in calcium.
4. Foods containing riboflavin: riboflavin can ensure the normal metabolism and development of the retina and cornea of the eye. Foods rich in riboflavin include milk, cheese, lean meat, eggs, yeast and lentils.