Abstract: the etiology of myopia is complex, and it is not completely clear at present. It is generally believed that genetic and environmental factors play half the role, “Increased near vision load” (too much near vision time) is an important reason for the occurrence and development of myopia.
myopia prevention and control is an eternal topic. Especially as parents of their own myopia, they better understand the inconvenience of myopia to work and life, and pay more attention to children’s eye problems.
In order to prevent and control myopia, parents can be said to have done their best. Here, Xiaobian summarized the three board axe for preventing and controlling myopia.
the first board axe
“watch more TV and play less mobile phones and computers
the cause of myopia is relatively complex and has not been completely clear at present. It is generally believed that genetic and environmental factors play half the role, “Increased near vision load” (too much near vision time) is an important reason for the occurrence and development of myopia.
watch TV at a relatively long distance compared with mobile phones, tablets and other electronic products. Watching TV at a reasonable distance is “far vision”, which does not cause near vision load, so it is not easy to cause myopia.
In addition, TV programs have advertising time, which is an indirect rest time. Mobile terminals such as mobile phones are easy to carry and easy to overuse.
of course, even for TV, overuse will still lead to eye fatigue. It is also necessary to control the viewing time and distance.
the second board axe
training adjustment force
modern medical research shows that the adjustment force of myopia patients is insufficient, which is manifested in reduced adjustment amplitude, insufficient flexibility and lagging adjustment. Therefore, strengthening regulation training and improving regulation lag can delay the progress of myopia. There are many training methods of
. Playing table tennis is a good training method, because the collection function and adjustment function have been strengthened in the process of eye gaze from far to near.
the third axe
are regularly checked, and more “wild”,
massage instruments, folk prescriptions and eye exercises are carried out. There are many institutions claiming to control the growth of myopia in the market, which is quite a bit of the feeling of “flowers are becoming charming”. In fact, regular inspection and outdoor sports are much more meaningful than wasting time and money in institutions with unknown qualifications.
for teenagers and children, regular eye examination in eye hospital can not only track the change of children’s diopter, but also evaluate the health status and visual function of the whole eye, and timely find and treat eye diseases such as amblyopia and strabismus.
in addition, as a generally recognized means of myopia prevention and control, outdoor sports are both economical and operable. Participating in outdoor sports for about 2 hours every day and more exposure to the sun is of positive significance not only for the prevention and control of myopia, but also for their physical and mental health development.