Pathological features and treatment suggestions of allergic conjunctivitis

Abstract: allergic conjunctivitis is characterized by diffuse conjunctival congestion, edema, nipple and follicular hyperplasia. The closer it is to the corner of the eye, the more serious the situation is. Patients generally have no eye pain, no obvious visual impairment, and normal pupils., Allergic ophthalmopathy is one of the most common ocular surface diseases, among which allergic conjunctivitis is the most common type.,

allergic ophthalmopathy is one of the most common ocular surface diseases, among which allergic conjunctivitis is the most common type.

eye itching is almost a common symptom of various types of allergic conjunctivitis, but other symptoms such as tears, burning sensation and secretion lack specificity, which is often confused with other eye surface diseases. The clinical manifestations are diffuse conjunctival congestion, edema, nipple and follicular hyperplasia. The closer to the corner of the eye, the more serious the situation is. Generally, the patient has no eye pain, no obvious visual impairment, and the pupil is normal.      [treatment] first, determine the pathogenic factors and remove them. Improve the sanitary conditions, remove environmental pollution factors, advocate good living habits, actively treat the inflammation of eyelid margin and lacrimal passage, correct ametropia, etc. anti allergic drugs combined with hormone are often needed to treat allergic conjunctivitis in young patients; if hormone pulse therapy is too frequent, it is easy to cure allergic conjunctivitis Cause hormone induced glaucoma and cataract, and the allergic condition is too serious, special type of allergy or the patient does not respond to hormone, FK506 can be used (tacrolimus) local treatment. Our hospital took the lead in introducing FK506 eye drops in the province. This method has the characteristics of high curative effect, short course of treatment and not easy to relapse. It can effectively treat intractable and special types of allergic conjunctivitis and effectively avoid adverse drug reactions. For infectious inflammation and non infectious inflammation, we should remove the treatment factors and focus on symptomatic treatment, and avoid long-term treatment Antibiotics and antiviral eye drops were used to prevent further drug-induced conjunctivitis. Preservative free eye surface lubricant, normal saline eye solution and appropriate addition of non steroidal anti-inflammatory eye solution can be selected.