People with high myopia should do less of these things!

Abstract: at present, excimer laser surgery is appropriate below 1500 degrees, and intraocular lens implantation can be considered above 1500 degrees. Patients over 50 years old had better not rush to perform refractive surgery, and the correction of refractive power can be considered when performing cataract intraocular lens implantation.

high myopia will cause a variety of ocular degenerative diseases. If you do not pay attention to care, not only the degree of myopia will increase a lot, but also the development of ocular degenerative diseases will accelerate, the complications will increase significantly, and serious cases will also lead to blindness and eyeball atrophy.

therefore, once it is determined as high myopia, in addition to following the nursing matters of general myopia, special attention should be paid to the following points:

1 Regular optometry must be done after a comprehensive ophthalmic examination, and appropriate glasses must be worn. Before the age of 45, try to wear full glasses to exercise the ciliary muscle, so as to avoid the atrophy of the ciliary muscle, especially the annular part, and finally lose the regulation function without regulatory stimulation.

  2. Choose refractive surgery carefully. In case of fundus hemorrhage, retinal hole and retinal detachment, do not rush to surgery. If the situation permits the operation, the operation method should be carefully selected. At present, excimer laser surgery is appropriate below 1500 degrees, and intraocular lens implantation can be considered above 1500 degrees. Patients over 50 years old had better not rush to perform refractive surgery, and the correction of refractive power can be considered when performing cataract intraocular lens implantation.

  3. Avoid violent and impact head movements, such as football, basketball, diving, weight lifting, emergency braking, etc., to prevent retinal detachment.

  4. Eat less spicy food and avoid tobacco and alcohol; When treating other diseases, vasodilators should be used with caution to prevent repeated bleeding in the macula of the fundus.

  5. Choose a job carefully and avoid heavy physical labor and work with too many eyes at close range. The occupation of indoor work can be selected, and the unit shall also take care of it according to the situation.

  6. Regularly go to the hospital for ophthalmic examination, paying special attention to the axial length of the eyeball, vitreous opacity, fundus macula, dry holes around the retina and signs of retinal detachment. In case of sudden vision loss, dark shadow fluttering in front of you and other symptoms, you should go to the hospital immediately.