People with high myopia should exercise carefully

Abstract: high myopia refers to myopia greater than 600 degrees. In addition to poor naked vision, a series of pathological changes will occur in the eyes of patients with high myopia, such as rupture of posterior elastic layer of cornea, posterior scleral staphyloma, vitreous liquefaction, thinning, atrophy or degeneration of choroid and retina, retinal hole and detachment, choroidal neovascularization, etc., “Lao Wang’s son next door has a high myopia of 600 degrees. I heard that he went diving yesterday and his retina fell off!” “Oh, it’s so serious! What’s going on?” Open the newspaper and radio. I believe you have seen or heard such news. Do you know about high myopia? Is it really that dangerous for patients with high myopia to take strenuous exercise?, What is high myopia?, High myopia refers to myopia greater than 600 degrees. In addition to poor naked vision, a series of pathological changes will occur in the eyes of patients with high myopia, such as rupture of posterior elastic layer of cornea, posterior scleral staphyloma, vitreous liquefaction, thinning, atrophy or degeneration of choroid and retina, retinal hole and detachment, and choroidal neovascularization. When high myopia has axial growth and fundus lesions, it is called pathological myopia., Patients with high myopia are not suitable for strenuous exercise. The main reasons are as follows: 1. Due to the increase of anterior posterior diameter of eyeball in patients with high myopia, the retina and choroid cannot grow correspondingly, which will lead to diffuse atrophy and thinning of retina and choroid and peripheral retinal degeneration, affecting vision. When the head is subjected to excessive vibration or strenuous exercise, retinal detachment is easy to occur, and the direct consequence is blindness. The risk of retinal detachment in patients with medium and high myopia is more than ten times that in non myopia people. 1 / 3 of patients with primary retinal detachment have high myopia at the same time. In addition, patients with high myopia are prone to retinal tears, but the symptoms are mild, and the patients may not notice it. If they are pulled by severe vibration at this time, retinal detachment will be caused., 2. Due to the thinning of cornea and sclera, it is easy to cause eyeball rupture and blindness when impacted. Once it happens, the therapeutic effect is often unsatisfactory., 3. Wearing frame glasses to participate in sports activities also faces the risk of lens scratching cornea and stabbing eyeballs., Can wearing contact lenses or myopia surgery solve the problem?,

“Lao Wang’s son next door has a high myopia of 600 degrees. I heard that he went diving yesterday and his retina fell off!” “Oh, it’s so serious! What’s going on?” Open the newspaper and radio. I believe you have seen or heard such news. Do you know about high myopia? Is it really so dangerous for patients with high myopia to exercise violently?

what is high myopia?

high myopia refers to myopia greater than 600 degrees. In addition to poor naked vision, a series of pathological changes will occur in the eyes of patients with high myopia, such as rupture of posterior elastic layer of cornea, posterior scleral staphyloma, vitreous liquefaction, thinning, atrophy or degeneration of choroid and retina, retinal hole and detachment, and choroidal neovascularization. When high myopia has axial growth and fundus lesions, it is called pathological myopia.

high myopia patients are not suitable for strenuous exercise. The main reasons are as follows:

1. Due to the increase of anterior posterior diameter of eyeball in patients with high myopia, the retina and choroid cannot grow correspondingly, which will lead to diffuse atrophy and thinning of retina and choroid and peripheral retinal degeneration, affecting vision. When the head is subjected to excessive vibration or strenuous exercise, retinal detachment is easy to occur, and the direct consequence is blindness. The risk of retinal detachment in patients with medium and high myopia is more than ten times that in non myopia people. 1 / 3 of patients with primary retinal detachment have high myopia at the same time. In addition, patients with high myopia are prone to retinal holes, but the symptoms are mild, and the patients may not notice it. If they are pulled by severe vibration at this time, they will cause retinal detachment.

2. Due to the thinning of cornea and sclera, it is easy to cause eyeball rupture and blindness when impacted. Once it happens, the treatment effect is often unsatisfactory.

3. Wearing frame glasses to participate in sports activities also faces the risk of lens scratching cornea and stabbing eyeballs.

can wearing contact lenses or myopia surgery solve the problem? ‘

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‘ cannot be. Contact lenses can only prevent the lens from scratching the cornea, while myopia surgery only changes the thickness of the cornea. They can not avoid the pathological changes in the interior and fundus of the eye.

what should I do?

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suggest patients with high myopia, Especially some ultra-high myopia (myopia greater than 1500 degrees) patients should avoid sports with strong eye impact or strong physical resistance, such as high platform diving, boxing, bungee jumping, playing basketball, playing football, high jump and other violent sports, and change to relatively medium-intensity sports such as fast walking, jogging, cycling and so on. At the same time, it is best to go to a regular hospital for a comprehensive ophthalmic examination every year, so as to send them in time There are potential health hazards. If there is a dark shadow fluttering or Flash feeling in front of you during exercise, it may be retinal detachment. You should see a regular hospital for ophthalmology treatment immediately.

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don’t lose money for fun!