Prevention and TCM treatment of cataract in the elderly

Abstract: among various types of cataract, senile cataract is the most common. It is generally believed that senile cataract is caused by the disorder of lens neoaging. In addition to senile cataract, there are congenital, traumatic, concurrent, toxic, electro-optic and radioactive cataract.

Senile cataract can be divided into four stages:

1 At the initial stage, turbidity began to appear around the crystal, but the middle was transparent and the vision remained unchanged.

2. During the expansion period, the visual acuity decreases gradually, which is characterized by crystal expansion and increasing turbidity.

3. At maturity, the crystal has become completely turbid, the water content has returned to normal, the vision has disappeared, but there is still a sense of light.

4. In the over mature stage, the water content decreases, the crystal shrinkage becomes smaller, the cortex can be liquefied, and the crystal core can be deposited.Prevention and TCM treatment of cataract

because the causes of cataract are complex and changeable, there are many kinds and great hazards, once abnormalities are found, they should be treated as soon as possible to make a clear diagnosis for timely treatment. Once the lens opacity is formed, there is no specific method to promote its regression. Only drugs can be used to control the development of the disease.

Patients with immature cataract can take vitamin C tablets orally (200 mg each time, 3 times a day); Mingmu Dihuang Pill (2 times a day, 1 pill each time); external Catalin eye drops (5-6 times a day) and glutathione Yuetai eye drops (3 times a day).

Can be treated with proprietary Chinese medicine or prescriptions under the guidance of TCM syndrome differentiation:

(1) It belongs to yin deficiency of liver and kidney, and should nourish liver and kidney. You can take Qiju Dihuang pill or Dendrobium luminous pill.

(2) Belong to the deficiency of spleen and stomach qi, which should be beneficial to the spleen and stomach. Guipi pill combined with Shenling Baizhu powder can be taken.

(3) Belong to heart kidney incompatibility, and should communicate with heart kidney. Can take Cizhu pill.

If cataract has developed to maturity and seriously affects vision, you can discuss the possibility of surgical treatment with your doctor.

Precautions

Pay attention to proper rest to avoid overwork of eyes. Do not read, write, watch TV or work in front of the computer for too long, Do not read under inappropriate conditions (dark light, bed, walking, riding, etc.). The light should not be too strong or too weak when using eyes.

Improper diet, lack of vitamins and trace elements and high blood lipid are important causes of cataract. Therefore, adhering to a reasonable diet can not only greatly delay the development of the disease, but also play an important role in restoring vision and preventing recurrence. Eat more carrots, potatoes, green leafy vegetables and animal liver to get enough vitamin A; Eat more beans, Cereals, yeast fermented products, animal viscera, lean meat, etc. to obtain sufficient vitamin B; You can eat more fish, shrimp, milk and eggs to supplement vitamin E and zinc. Eating less greasy and high cholesterol foods and drinking more tea can appropriately prevent the oxidation reaction of eyeball crystals, but we should pay attention not to drink strong tea. In addition, avoid spicy food, smoking and alcohol.

Patients with this disease should keep a peaceful mood, not anxious and impatient, and avoid worrying and crying.

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