Abstract: the rate of juvenile myopia is increasing year by year, which has attracted the attention of the society. Experts call on parents to help their children prevent myopia in their daily life. However, many parents have these misunderstandings when helping their children prevent and treat myopia. Let’s see what misunderstandings exist when preventing and treating myopia.
according to the survey, the myopia rate of students in China has been nearly 70%, and the myopia rate of senior high school students in some areas has exceeded 90%. The problem of students’ myopia has become a problem of great concern to parents and society. Experts call on parents to help their children prevent myopia in their daily life. But many parents have these misunderstandings when helping their children prevent myopia.
prevention and treatment of myopia misunderstanding 1: children are still young = pseudomyopia
parents often blurt out when hearing their children’s myopia: “is it false or true?” The so-called pseudomyopia only accounts for a very small proportion of juvenile myopia (probably no more than 3%): it is a “myopia” phenomenon, not myopia in essence. For example, a 5-year-old boy was diagnosed with “150 vacation myopia”, and his visual acuity was only 0.6. After one year of treatment, he took off his glasses and his visual acuity recovered to 1.0. His parents said that “pseudomyopia has been improved”. In fact, after objective medical optometry, the results show that it is 100 degree hyperopia, not myopia at all. Therefore, age is not the standard to define true and false myopia. Medical optometry must be done.
prevention and treatment of myopia misunderstanding 2: early wearing glasses = myopia deepening
some parents hold the old ideas of “early wearing glasses, the more they wear glasses, the more they become myopia”, and groundlessly refuse to provide glasses for their children for correction. This understanding is even more difficult to change than “pseudomyopia”. Scientifically speaking, it should be based on the results of optometry, combined with vision requirements, eye position, eye muscle movement, amblyopia, etc. The first thing to do before matching glasses is to receive an optometrist’s optometry. Only when the refractive state of the eye is clear, can appropriate lenses be given.
prevent myopia misunderstanding 3: mydriatic optometry is harmful to the eyes.
teenagers need mydriatic optometry. They use eye drops to paralyze the ciliary muscles and dilate the pupils. They can optometry when the regulatory effect is eliminated. Mydriatic optometry can not only avoid excessive regulation of ciliary muscle, but also avoid pseudomyopia caused by regulation spasm. Especially for children or pupils with mydriatic optometry, it is more convenient to carry out retinoscopy optometry, so as to obtain an objective index and make the diopter more accurate. In fact, mydriasis will not cause damage to the eyes. The pupils can return to normal by themselves a few days after mydriasis.
prevention and treatment of myopia misunderstanding 4: all kinds of treatments can cure myopia
parents are afraid that their children suffer from myopia. Therefore, once children suffer from myopia, many parents will blindly use various methods to help their children with treatment. In fact, many methods and instruments for treating myopia will be counterproductive if they are not applied properly. For example, the application effect of the popular progressive mirror for students in the prevention and treatment of myopia is still in the research stage. More importantly, the fitting of such glasses requires professional refractive examination, including the measurement of concealed inclination and monocular pupil distance. If a comprehensive examination is not done, the fitting of progressive mirror will increase the burden on children’s eyes and further damage their visual function. For another example, many multimedia advertisements hype the “myopia correction glasses” that “you can remove your glasses only by wearing them at night”. After in-depth study of these products, in principle, they all belong to the category of corneal shaping glasses. The key point is that such glasses must be examined by an optometrist with medical qualification. Only after detailed corneal topographic map examination, accurate optometry and careful consideration can they formulate a scientific prescription, Far from anyone can operate. *** Many unscrupulous businesses also take advantage of the parents’ psychology and claim that some method or instrument can cure myopia within a month or even more than ten days, leading to many parents being deceived. In fact, the prevention and treatment of myopia is a long-term process, and any short-term assault treatment can not cure myopia. In addition, the prevention and treatment of children’s myopia must start at the age of 5 or 6, and can be stopped until the age of 18 to 20, because at this time, people’s ocular axis has stopped developing, and myopia will not develop any more.
prevention and treatment of myopia misunderstanding 6: after wearing glasses, there is no need to recheck
. Many parents will no longer take children with myopia to the hospital for examination after they have matched glasses. This is wrong. Clinical practice has proved that it has the following advantages to often let myopia children with glasses go to the hospital for review: 1. It can determine whether the children’s original pseudomyopia has been cured; 2. It can determine whether the pseudomyopia in children’s mixed myopia has been cured; 3. It can determine whether the children’s original true myopia has developed. The above
are about the introduction of “it is very important to recognize the six misunderstandings in preventing and treating students’ myopia”. Once parents find that their children have symptoms of myopia, they should take their children to the hospital for examination in time. After their children have glasses, they should review them at least once a year to understand the changes of their children’s vision in time.