Public eye lecture hall: vision care practices for children of different ages

Abstract: from birth to early childhood, the eyes and vision continue to develop in a gradual way. Usually the baby’s vision can reach the level of adults only at the age of 6. Many eye diseases before the age of 6 can be corrected and restored to the original state. Therefore, in the stage of baby 0 ~ 6 years old, we should pay more attention to the development state of baby’s eyes.

1 ~ 6 years old is the key period of baby’s eye development, but in every corner of life, there are hidden killers of eye health invisible to mothers. In order to let the baby have a “bright” future, parents should do a good job in baby eye care and supplement nutrition in a balanced manner.

I. five actions for baby eye care

actions 10 ~ 6 years old health foundation

from the birth of a baby to early childhood, the eyes and vision continue to develop in a gradual way. Usually the baby’s vision can reach the level of an adult only at the age of 6. Many eye diseases before the age of 6 can be corrected and restored to the original state. Therefore, in the stage of baby 0 ~ 6 years old, we should pay more attention to the development state of baby’s eyes.

action 2 good eyesight and good learning

people’s brain can grow to 80% in the first year of life, especially in the first six months, their eyes and vision develop rapidly. The baby’s learning depends very much on the senses, so when the baby establishes the concept of object and space with vision, he can further develop abstract concepts. The poor visual development will not only affect the learning effect, but also make the baby feel insecure.

action 3 avoid blue light and reduce lesions

blue light is one of the invisible killers of baby’s eyes, because it is a spectrum that cannot be distinguished by the naked eye. Exposure to excessive blue light can cause eye damage, especially macular lesions. Many people know that ultraviolet rays can damage the eyes, but only the cornea and lens are damaged by ultraviolet rays, because ultraviolet rays can not penetrate the two for in-depth harm, but blue light can penetrate the lens and go directly to the macula.

the proportion of blue light penetrating the lens is the highest from 0 to 2 years old

0 to 2 years old 2 to 10 years old 30 to 90 years old

70% ~ 80% 60% ~ 70% 20%

action 4 the younger the age, the more eye care is needed

because the lens of newborn infants and young children is completely transparent, the proportion of blue light penetrating the lens to the retina is relatively high, Therefore, the eyes of newborn infants and young children are most vulnerable to blue light. However, with the increase of age, the crystal will gradually turn yellow, and yellow can block and filter blue light. Therefore, compared with adults, the proportion of blue light penetrating the lens to the retina of infants and children is four times higher than that of adults.

action 5 health care · balanced diet

balanced diet intake can also effectively avoid the damage of blue light to baby’s eyes. Breast milk contains a lot of natural lutein. Therefore, breast-feeding newborn babies with breast milk can also effectively help babies absorb the most natural and sufficient lutein nutrition and avoid the damage to eyes caused by blue light.

many studies have confirmed that lutein can absorb and filter the blue light in the macula to avoid retinal damage. Since the human body cannot synthesize lutein by itself, it must be taken from food. Therefore, it is recommended to eat more dark green vegetables.

lutein content in common vegetables and fruits:

high content spinach

high content green beans, lettuce, broccoli, pumpkin, corn

low content mung beans, carrots, green peppers, celery

food sources of other nutrients:

vitamin A, egg yolk, cream Animal liver, dark green and dark yellow fruits and vegetables

DHA salmon, tuna, mackerel

AA eggs

II. There are methods for age-specific care of vision care.

myopia can be inherited, parents have myopia, and children are more prone to myopia, but it also needs to be added that the inheritance referred to here is not only affected by parents’ genes, More vulnerable to lifestyle. In other words, genetic inheritance will make children have “myopia prone constitution”, but most of the causes of myopia are still caused by improper environment and eye habits in the future. From the birth of the child, parents can observe whether the baby’s eyesight is normal from the small place where they live, and take proper care of it, so as to lay a good foundation for the child’s eyesight from an early age!

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frequently stimulate the development focus of

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from 0 to 1 year old: in this year, the visual system has developed rapidly, so that the baby can gradually distinguish the color, distance and even develop the ability of hand eye coordination. At this time, eye movement is still unstable, and it is normal to occasionally have eye deflection. After 4 months, you should pay attention to whether the eyes will move with the objects in front of you. After 6 months old, if the eye position is not correct or the eye movement is uncoordinated, you should find a doctor for diagnosis and treatment.

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parents do this: physical and mental satisfaction, regular work and rest, adequate sleep and balanced nutrition are the prerequisites for children’s good development. When the baby begins to eat complementary foods, he should drink less juice containing candy and eat less sweets to maintain the pH balance in the body. Eat more complementary foods made of fruits and vegetables to get rich vitamins.

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interact frequently. In the critical period of visual development, multiple stimuli contribute to the baby’s visual development. At birth, let the baby look at their parents’ faces more closely. At the age of 8 months, the baby will start looking for the things that disappear in front of him. Hide and seek is an interesting and visual game.

1 ~ 2 years old, training hand eye coordination

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development focus: during this period, the baby will develop mature visual discrimination ability and be able to simply summarize items. The coordination of hands, eyes and body can make the baby pick up and lose things correctly. Children with vision problems will not move because they can’t accurately feel the three-dimensional feeling of things when practicing walking.

parents do this: watch less TV, children’s retina is still developing, and TV and computers have adverse effects on their development. If you want to see it, one time shall not exceed 30 minutes, and one hour a dayWithin the time limit, the TV picture shall be soft and stable, and a distance of 6 ~ 8 times the diagonal length of the TV plane shall be maintained.

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pairing Games: babies begin to identify simple geometric patterns. Pairing games of some shapes and colors will not only interest babies, but also train hand eye coordination.

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establish good habits at the age of 2 ~ 4. The development focus of

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: at this time, the baby sees the world similar to that of adults, has good hand eye coordination, can easily avoid obstacles when walking, and can keep up with fast-moving things.

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parents do this: the activity of trauma prevention baby is increasing. If you don’t know self-protection, it is easy to cause eye trauma between pursuit and collision. Because the baby can’t express, if there is trauma, parents had better take the child to the hospital for detailed examination by an ophthalmologist.

good reading posture most children can read books, so they should establish good reading habits. Eyes and books should be kept at 30 ~ 35cm. Rest for 10 minutes every 20 ~ 30 minutes. Don’t read in a shaking car or in direct sunlight.

the first visual acuity examination. After the baby reaches the age of 3, he can receive the first visual acuity examination. Before taking the child for examination, teach the child to understand the vision checklist and how to read it.

III. simply eat good eyesight

vision health care practices for babies of different ages

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should have good vision development. In addition to rich stimulation, good living environment and correct habits, they also have a great relationship with drinking and eating. Correct eating habits are the key to good eyesight, which requires parents to take care of it.

1. Balanced intake of 6 nutrients

6 nutrients are important components to maintain life and regulate body metabolism. To maintain the balanced development of all parts of the body, including visual development, these nutrients are indispensable.

  2、 More eye protection food

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should be supplemented with vitamin A (dark green and red yellow fruits and vegetables, liver, milk and eggs), vitamin B1 (cereals and milk and eggs), vitamin B12 (liver, fish and meat), iron (oats, milk and seaweed), calcium (milk, bean products, dark vegetables), DHA (FISH), etc. which are helpful to eye health.

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3. Eat less sweets

ice cream, cake, candy and other sweets. They are children’s favorite, but they are not good for eyesight. Too much sugar will affect the absorption of calcium, reduce the elasticity of sclera, and hyperglycemia is easy to cause the change of lens osmotic pressure, make the lens convex, and lead to myopia.

visual development table

age visual acuity shows that

are born with poor optical acuity. Only light perception

can only focus on things 20 ~ 30 cm in front of their eyes manually for 1 month. 0.01 eyes will move with slowly moving objects for 2 months, The protective blink reflex

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began to appear, and the visual field reached 180 degrees 0.01 ~ 0.02 for 3 months.

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began to coordinate hands and eyes 0.02 ~ 0.05 for 4 months. They can see their own hands and sometimes touch the seen objects with their hands.

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for 6 months 0.04 ~ 0.08, and their eyes can look at an object for a long time, Hand eye coordination is more skilled.

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have the ability to judge the distance for 8 months. After setting the goal, they will move their body to take

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for 1 year. 0.2 ~ 0.3 vision and subtle movements are coordinated, and they can handle smaller items, such as grabbing food with their fingers.

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for 2 years. 0.4 ~ 0.5 develop depth perception,

can distinguish things far away and near.

3-year-old 0.6 has sharper eyesight and better hand eye coordination.

4-year-old 0.8 likes to read books and identify the direction of patterns.

6-7 years old 1.0 has the same eyesight as normal adults.

avoid two kinds of light in life.

babies are babies held in the palm of their parents, Since birth, I began to worry that many “lights” in life will cause damage to the baby’s eyes, so how to prevent it?

murderer 1 camera flash

avoid using flash when taking pictures for infants and young children, because strong light will damage the retina and affect their visual development, and do not have dazzling fluorescent lamps at home.

Killer 2 ultraviolet

if not properly protected, ultraviolet rays will not only sunburn the baby, but also lead to “ultraviolet ophthalmia”, which will have an adverse impact on vision and damage the eyes. It is suggested that when taking the baby out, it is best to take a sunshade or wear a small hat for the baby. Between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m., when the ultraviolet ray is the strongest, you should avoid going out.

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eyes are the “window of the soul”, which must be cherished. Parents should give the baby the best vision health care, let the baby develop good living habits, absorb nutrients in a balanced way, and check regularly.

shared:

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