Abstract: myopia refers to the “mismatch” in the development of the refractive system of the eye. Light is imaged in front of the retina after passing through the refractive system of the eye. In short, it is like the lens of the camera is out of focus. In this way, myopia is the overgrowth and overdevelopment of the eyeball.
according to the survey data of the national health and Family Planning Commission, there are nearly 400 million people with myopia in China, of which teenagers are the “hardest hit area” of myopia. The myopia rate of primary school students is more than 25%, the myopia rate of junior middle school students is 65%, and the myopia rate of senior high school students is 80%. The numbers
are really shocking!
you know? After suffering from myopia, if it is not checked and intervened in time and allowed to develop, it will not only affect life and study, but also the greatest harm lies in the fundus damage caused by the excessive extension of the ocular axis of high myopia or pathological myopia, such as retinal detachment, retinal choroidal atrophy, macular hemorrhage, macular hole, etc. these diseases will lead to low vision and even blindness.
if a child suffers from myopia in the lower grade of primary school, he is likely to develop high myopia when he grows up. So parents must pay attention!
what is myopia?
myopia refers to the “mismatch” in the development of the refractive system of the eye. Light is imaged in front of the retina after passing through the refractive system of the eye. In short, it is like the lens of the camera is out of focus. In this way, myopia is the overgrowth and overdevelopment of the eyeball.
scientific prevention and control 123
scientific prevention and control of myopia must grasp the root. Mastering three secrets can help parents scientifically guide their children to prevent and control myopia. Tips of
1. Reduce close eye use: formulate a reasonable learning plan for children, reduce close reading and writing, and take a break and look into the distance for 10 minutes every 40 minutes of continuous close reading.
secret 2. Sufficient outdoor activities: more and more studies and evidence show that outdoor activities can effectively control the occurrence and development of myopia. The mechanism is that outdoor high illumination can promote the secretion of dopamine and dopamine can inhibit the growth of ocular axis. Therefore, it is recommended that children carry out outdoor activities for 2 hours every day. They should go to outdoor activities during recess instead of staying in the classroom. Secret of
3. Establish refractive development files: when children are three years old, they need to go to professional and regular eye examination, establish eye health files, regularly check eye problems, go to professional institutions to correct eye vision problems, and formulate scientific intervention plans.