Self nursing methods for glaucoma patients

Abstract: glaucoma patients should pay attention to the combination of work and rest in their daily life and do not use their eyes for a long time. When reading and playing computer continuously, you should rest for 5 to 10 minutes to relax your eyes. On the premise of ensuring safety, Proper aerobic exercise (such as jogging, exercise, etc.) can also help reduce intraocular pressure.

if you or your family suffer from glaucoma, don’t be afraid. Please treat the disease correctly and learn to “coexist peacefully” with the disease. It is said that the disease is “three treatments and seven nourishments” The same is true for glaucoma. In addition to actively cooperating with doctors for treatment, self-care is also very important.

1. Be in a good mood

many glaucoma patients have this experience: if you are in a bad mood today, your intraocular pressure will be higher. Indeed, glaucoma is a typical psychosomatic disease. Emotional fluctuation is not only easy to induce acute attack and intraocular pressure fluctuation of angle closure glaucoma, but also increase blood pressure and vasospasm, causing further damage to the optic nerve. Glaucoma patients should maintain a good mood and try to cultivate their sentiment and stabilize their mood through piano, chess, calligraphy, painting, music, opera, tourism and other activities.

2. Wear sunglasses

carefully. In the dark environment, people’s pupils will enlarge, which is easy to induce the attack of angle closure glaucoma. Therefore, patients with angle closure glaucoma should wear sunglasses carefully and do not stay in the dark for a long time.

3. Drinking water is not limited to

many glaucoma patients believe that if they have glaucoma, they should drink less water. Even if they are thirsty, they should also limit drinking water. In fact, this idea is wrong! There are two main reasons: ① many patients believe that the key problem of glaucoma is the increase of intraocular pressure, which is closely related to aqueous humor. “Aqueous humor” is “water”, so drinking less or no water can control intraocular pressure; ② Before the 1980s, there was an inspection called “drinking water test”, That is, the increase of intraocular pressure is induced by drinking a large amount of water in a short time (1000 ml in 5 minutes). In fact, the aqueous humor related to intraocular pressure is not directly derived from the water in the blood, it is actively secreted by the special tissue structure of the eye. And the “drinking water test” It has long been abolished because of its unreliable results and many interference factors. Thirst is a physiological signal of the body, indicating that the body is short of water and should be supplemented in time. The optic nerve damage of some glaucoma patients is related to poor blood circulation (high blood viscosity, etc.), and proper drinking water is more advantageous than disadvantages.

4. There is no need to avoid

. Glaucoma patients do not need to avoid

and

. The diet should be light. To avoid high-fat and high sugar foods, eat more foods rich in vitamins (such as vegetables, fruits, coarse grains, etc.). Glaucoma patients do not need “big tonic” after operation. First, the operation is small and the body is basically free of loss; second, an effective aqueous humor drainage channel should be established after operation. The filtered wound should not heal too fast, especially for those with scar constitution. The diet should be light.

5. Pay attention to keep warm

Every winter, the intraocular pressure of glaucoma patients will be higher than that in summer. Angle closure glaucoma is also common in cold seasons. In order to avoid disease attack, glaucoma patients or susceptible people with a family history of glaucoma should pay attention to keeping warm in cold seasons.

6. Smoking cessation and alcohol restriction

glaucoma patients must quit smoking, because smoking will pay more attention to nerve damage. Glaucoma patients with drinking habits, If your face turns red after drinking (telangiectasia), you can drink some red wine appropriately, with a daily dose of no more than 50 ml. if your face turns blue and white after drinking (vasoconstriction), do not drink.

7. Combination of labor and leisure

Excessive fatigue is easy to induce glaucoma attack and elevated intraocular pressure. Glaucoma patients should pay attention to the combination of work and rest in their daily life, and do not use their eyes for a long time. After reading, playing computer and writing for 1 hour, you should rest for 5 to 10 minutes to relax your eyes. In addition, on the premise of ensuring safety, Proper aerobic exercise (such as jogging, exercise, etc.) can also help reduce intraocular pressure.

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