Six misunderstandings of myopia: children are still young = pseudomyopia

Abstract: when parents hear their children’s myopia, they often blurt out: “is it false or true?” In fact, pseudomyopia only accounts for a very small proportion (no more than 3%) of juvenile myopia. It is only a “myopia” phenomenon, not myopia in essence., In the case of “national fear of myopia”, there are a wide range of methods to “treat true and false myopia” on the market, which deviates from the track of rational and scientific prevention and treatment. Recently, Zheng Ling, vice president of Heilongjiang optometry Technology Association, made an objective analysis on the current situation of myopia prevention and control of students concerned by parents at the lecture on youth myopia prevention and control base in Heilongjiang Province, and summarized the following six misunderstandings in myopia prevention and control., Myth 1: children are still young = pseudomyopia. When parents hear their children’s myopia, they often blurt out: “is it false or true?” In fact, pseudomyopia only accounts for a very small proportion (no more than 3%) of juvenile myopia. It is only a “myopia” phenomenon, not myopia in essence. For example, a 5-year-old boy with vision of only 0.6 was diagnosed as “150 vacation myopia”. After one year of treatment, he took off his glasses and his vision recovered to 1.0. His parents said that “pseudomyopia has been improved”. In fact, after objective medical optometry, the child is 100 degrees hyperopia, which is not myopia at all. Therefore, age is not the standard to define true and false myopia. When vision problems occur, you must go to a regular hospital for medical optometry., Myth 2: wearing glasses early = myopia deepens. Some parents hold the old idea that “the sooner they wear glasses, the higher the degree will be in the future”, and refuse to wear glasses for their children without any basis. In fact, this understanding is even more influential than the “false myopia view” in misunderstanding 1. The prescription of glasses should be considered according to the results of optometry, combined with the comprehensive conditions such as visual acuity requirements, eye position, eye muscle movement and amblyopia. Before matching glasses, the first thing is to receive optometry. Only when the refractive state of the eye is clear can appropriate correction be given., Myth 3: mydriasis optometry is harmful to the eyes. In fact, mydriasis will not cause damage to the eyes. The pupils can return to normal by themselves a few days after mydriasis. Teenagers need mydriasis for optometry, that is, they use eye drops to paralyze the ciliary muscles and dilate the pupils, so as to optometry under the condition of eliminating the regulatory effect. Mydriatic optometry can not only avoid excessive regulation of ciliary muscle, but also avoid pseudomyopia caused by regulation spasm. Especially for children or pupils, mydriatic optometry is more helpful to get an objective index and make the diopter more accurate.,

in the case of “the whole people fear myopia”, there are a variety of “treatment of true and false myopia” methods in the market, which deviates from the track of rational and scientific prevention and treatment. Recently, Zheng Ling, vice president of Heilongjiang optometry Technology Association, made an objective analysis on the current situation of students’ myopia prevention and control concerned by parents at the lecture of Heilongjiang youth myopia prevention and control base, and summarized the following six misunderstandings in myopia prevention and control.

misunderstanding 1: children are still young = pseudomyopia

parents often blurt out when hearing their children’s myopia: “is it false or true?” In fact, pseudomyopia only accounts for a very small proportion (no more than 3%) of juvenile myopia. It is only a “myopia” phenomenon, not myopia in essence. For example, a 5-year-old boy with vision of only 0.6 was diagnosed as “150 vacation myopia”. After one year of treatment, he took off his glasses and his vision recovered to 1.0. His parents said that “pseudomyopia has been improved”. In fact, after objective medical optometry, the child is 100 degrees hyperopia, which is not myopia at all. Therefore, age is not the standard to define true and false myopia. When there is a problem with vision, you must go to a regular hospital for medical optometry. Misunderstanding 2 of

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: early wearing glasses = deepening myopia

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some parents hold the old idea that “the sooner they wear glasses, the higher the degree will be in the future”, and refuse to provide glasses for their children for correction without any basis. In fact, this understanding is even more influential than the “false myopia view” in misunderstanding 1. The prescription of glasses should be considered according to the results of optometry, combined with the comprehensive conditions such as visual acuity requirements, eye position, eye muscle movement and amblyopia. Before matching glasses, the first thing is to receive optometry. Only when the refractive state of the eye is clear can appropriate correction be given.

misunderstanding 3: mydriatic optometry is harmful to the eyes

in fact, mydriasis will not cause damage to the eyes, and the pupils can return to normal by themselves a few days after mydriasis. Teenagers need mydriasis for optometry, that is, they use eye drops to paralyze the ciliary muscles and dilate the pupils, so as to optometry under the condition of eliminating the regulatory effect. Mydriatic optometry can not only avoid excessive regulation of ciliary muscle, but also avoid pseudomyopia caused by regulation spasm. Especially for children or pupils, mydriatic optometry is more helpful to get an objective index and make the diopter more accurate. Misunderstanding 4 of

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: all kinds of therapies can cure myopia.

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parents are afraid that their children will wear glasses since childhood. Therefore, once a child suffers from myopia, many parents will blindly use various methods to help their child treat it. In fact, many methods and instruments for treating myopia will be counterproductive if they are not applied properly. For example, the application effect of the popular progressive mirror for students in the prevention and treatment of myopia is still in the research stage. More importantly, the fitting of such glasses requires professional refractive examination, including the measurement of concealed inclination and the measurement of monocular pupillary distance. If the progressive mirror is checked without a comprehensive examination, it will increase the burden on the eyes and further damage the visual function. In principle, the “myopia correction glasses” which are widely advertised in many multimedia advertisements as “glasses can be removed only by wearing them at night” belong to corneal shaping glasses. Such glasses must be examined by a qualified optometrist through detailed corneal topographic map, accurate optometry and careful consideration in order to formulate a scientific prescription, It is far from easy for anyone to operate. Misunderstanding 5 of

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: myopia can be cured in a short time.

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in order not to affect children’s learning, some parents always like to treat myopia during winter and summer vacation after their children suffer from myopia. Many bad businesses also use this psychology of parents to claim that some method or instrument can cure myopia in a month or even more than ten daysAs a result, many parents were deceived. In fact, the prevention and treatment of myopia is a long-term process, and any short-term assault treatment can not cure myopia. In addition, the prevention and treatment of children’s myopia must start at the age of five or six, and can be stopped until about 20, because at this time, people’s ocular axis has stopped developing, and myopia generally will not develop again. Misunderstanding 6 of

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: there is no need to recheck

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after wearing glasses. Many parents no longer take children with myopia to the hospital for examination after matching glasses. This is wrong. Clinical practice has proved that it has the following advantages to often let myopia children with glasses go to the hospital for review: 1 It can determine whether the children’s original pseudomyopia has been cured; 2. Be able to determine whether the pseudomyopia in children’s mixed myopia has been cured; 3. It can determine whether the child’s original true myopia develops. Therefore, after children with myopia wear glasses, parents should often take them to the hospital for review, at least once a year, so as to understand the changes of children with myopia in time. In addition, for school-age children without myopia, parents should often take them to the hospital for eye examination. Because if school-age children with normal eyesight do not adhere to scientific eye use, their eyesight may also decline.