Abstract: high myopia can be complicated with various fundus diseases, such as glaucoma, cataract, retinal detachment, macular lesions and so on. We must all know that these common complications can threaten vision, and even lead to blindness if they are serious.
once reported that a Hubei man (800 degrees myopia) could only vaguely see his fingers in his right eye due to working overtime for two days. After examination, it was found that the blood vessels in the eyes burst!
it turned out that the man’s eye muscles were tense because he stayed up late for a long time and used his eyes too much. In addition, his fundus was continuously stimulated by light such as computers and mobile phones. In addition, he held his breath, coughed or exercised. Under the stimulation of various incentives, the blood vessels in his eyes broke.
in fact, blood vessel burst is not the bloody scene we imagine. Because the blood vessels in the eyes are small, the blood volume is very small, even less than a drop of blood. But the point is that if the bleeding is in the macular area, the most important area of our visual function, it will lead to vision loss. The news of
reminds us that people with high myopia should pay special attention to eye use at ordinary times, because high myopia is a high-risk group that can be complicated with a variety of eye diseases.
are highly myopic, and the degree of myopia exceeds 600 degrees, also known as “pathological myopia”. Unlike ordinary myopia, the myopia degree and eye length of some high myopia patients will continue to increase with age. The myopia degree of a few patients will even exceed 2000 degrees and the length of eye axis exceeds 33 mm. The normal axial length is 24 mm.
high myopia will be complicated with various fundus diseases, such as glaucoma, cataract, retinal detachment, macular lesions and so on. We must all know that these common complications can threaten vision, and even lead to blindness if they are serious.
among these complications, the most serious is the lesion in the macular region, including macular retinal lacquer crack, pattern change, neovascularization, hemorrhage, hole, retinal split and so on.
vision drops suddenly, get medical attention quickly
therefore, for patients with high myopia, it must be a top priority to prevent the increase of myopia and the occurrence of fundus complications. In addition to paying attention to whether the degree is deepened, we should also go to the eye hospital for examination regularly. This is because fundus lesions do not necessarily have obvious symptoms and need to be checked out by ophthalmologists.
if patients with high myopia feel that the degree of wearing myopia glasses increases but their vision is declining, especially in the case of sudden decline of vision, distortion of visual objects or quadrantal visual field defect, they must go to the eye hospital for examination as soon as possible.
eye protection methods for high myopia
1. Rational use of eyes
first, high myopia patients should use eyes reasonably and as little as possible. It is recommended not to play with computers and mobile phones except for work needs; Don’t stare at the screen all the time at work. Let your eyes rest when you get a chance.
2. Exercise carefully
because the unit area of retina in patients with high myopia is very thin, it is not suitable to participate in intense sports. Therefore, don’t participate in activities that may hurt the eyeball, such as sprint, martial arts, football, basketball, volleyball and diving, which may also induce retinal rupture and detachment.
3. Don’t rub your eyes hard.
do eye exercises when you have nothing, because eye exercises are good for preventing myopia and visual fatigue. Patients with high myopia should pay attention not to exert excessive force, especially not to press the eyeball, so as to avoid inducing retinal detachment and fundus hemorrhage.
4. Eat more lutein rich foods.
macular area is named because of its yellow color. Its yellow color comes from lutein, so it needs a lot of lutein. Therefore, patients with high myopia can appropriately supplement lutein rich foods, such as medlar, corn, carrot, sweet pepper, tomato and various colorful fruits and vegetables.