Abstract: pseudomyopia is not distinguished by age. Preschool children may become true myopia if they use their eyes too much. If the child is really short-sighted, and the parents hold the idea of “false myopia” and do not wear short-sighted glasses for the child, it will be difficult for the child to see far away, increase eye fatigue, and myopia will deepen.
mothers know that myopia is related to heredity and eye habits. Heredity cannot be avoided, but we can do some work to prevent children’s myopia from eye habits. What mothers need to do, on the one hand, is to abandon some wrong ideas about children’s myopia, on the other hand, is to set “rules” for children to avoid myopia caused by bad eye habits.
mother’s wrong idea 1:
poor eyesight = myopia
my baby shouted that he couldn’t see clearly before he went to primary school. It may be myopia. I have to match him with glasses quickly. Truth of
: if preschool children’s vision is less than 1.0, they are not necessarily myopia, but also physiological hyperopia, amblyopia, strabismus and astigmatism. If you don’t know whether it is myopia or other vision problems, you can match your child with myopia glasses, which can not only correct your vision, but also make your child become true myopia.
tips: when parents take their baby for optometry for the first time, they must go to a regular optometry institution for “mydriatic optometry” to distinguish between true myopia and other vision problems. It is irresponsible to take children directly to the glasses store for computer optometry.
mother’s wrong idea 2:
even if preschool children are short-sighted, they are also “pseudomyopia”
my children are only 6 years old. Even if they are short-sighted at this age, they are all pseudomyopia and do not need to wear glasses.
truth: pseudomyopia is not distinguished by age. If preschool children use their eyes too much, they may also become true myopia. If the child is really short-sighted, and the parents hold the idea of “false myopia” and do not wear short-sighted glasses for the child, it will be difficult for the child to see far away, increase eye fatigue, and myopia will deepen.
tips: it is recommended that parents take their children for “mydriatic optometry”, because computer optometry can not distinguish between “true myopia” and “false myopia”. If there is no mydriasis during optometry, it is likely that 100 degrees of myopia will be tested as 200 degrees.
mother’s wrong idea 3:
try to use the “myopia therapeutic instrument” to correct myopia.
the child is nearsighted, but I don’t want him to wear glasses. I read the advertisement that the “myopia therapeutic instrument” is very effective. Try it for the child first. Truth of
: the main function of the therapeutic instrument is actually to alleviate eye fatigue, which is effective in the treatment of pseudomyopia, while the effect of correcting true myopia “needs to be verified”. Many people who claim to restore their eyesight by therapeutic instrument may be “pseudomyopia”. Relying too much on the “therapeutic instrument” will delay the normal vision correction time.
tips: for preschool children, wearing ordinary frame glasses is the most effective way to correct their eyesight. After the child is 18 years old, myopia surgery can be considered to restore vision.
to prevent myopia, mothers should set six military regulations for their children!
1. Keep in mind “one foot one inch one punch”
when learning. The distance between the book and the eyes is one foot, the pencil is one inch, and the distance between the chest and the table is one punch. Reading distance is an important node of myopia.
2. Play electronic products for no more than 30 minutes at a time.
preschool children watch TV and play electronic products for 20 minutes at a time. Not more than 30 minutes, preferably 5-7 times the diagonal of the screen; After reading and practicing the piano for an hour, rest for 10-20 minutes.
3. The learning time line should not be too bright or too dark.
when learning, select a desk lamp with soft light and no stroboscopic light and place it in the front left. In addition, it is necessary to turn on another background lamp or ceiling lamp; Don’t read in direct sunlight and don’t play with your mobile phone in the dark.
4. Stop walking, reading and playing games when taking the car.
the shaking screen and text are easy to cause eye fatigue. Playing electronic products when taking the car is a behavior that particularly hurts the eyes of adults, let alone children.
5. Don’t stay at home. Ensure that
have 1-2 hours of outdoor activities every day. Play ball for a while and watch more green plants to relax your eyes from the distant view.
6. Ensure balanced nutrition, eat less sweets,
. Pay attention to a balanced diet, eat more vegetables, melons and fruits, and eat more foods rich in B vitamins and chromium. Research shows that the occurrence of myopia is closely related to chromium deficiency in diet. Chromium containing foods include coarse grains, beans, liver and so on. Eat less sweets. If you eat too much, it will affect the scleral function, reduce the elasticity of the eye wall, and lead to myopia.