Surgical complications of retinal detachment

Abstract: anterior segment ischemia can be caused by retinal detachment surgery after damaging the posterior long ciliary artery or anterior ciliary artery. Mild ischemia is common and does not affect the prognosis of surgery. Severe ischemia can cause serious consequences and eventually lead to eyeball atrophy.

retinal detachment is a common ophthalmic disease, which is more common in middle-aged or elderly people. Most of them have myopia, and both eyes can come on successively. Vision will decline rapidly in a short time, the line of sight will gradually become blurred, and the entity seen will be seriously deformed. Retinal detachment is the separation of retinal neuroepithelial layer and pigment epithelial layer. Part of retinal detachment cannot work normally, and the brain receives incomplete or complete images from the eyes. If the treatment is not timely or the operation method is not appropriate, it will cause related complications. So, what complications will occur during retinal detachment surgery?

1. Uveitis: uveitis may occur after retinal surgery because it involves uvea. Therefore, local or systemic hormone should be used after operation.

2. Endophthalmitis: rare. Germs may be brought into the eye through the drain. Follow the routine treatment and vitrectomy if necessary.

3. Anterior segment ischemia: caused by surgical injury of posterior long ciliary artery or anterior ciliary artery. Mild ischemia is common and does not affect the prognosis of surgery. Severe ischemia can cause serious consequences and eventually lead to eyeball atrophy.

4. Subretinal effusion: it may be exudation caused by non drainage during operation, condensation or electrocoagulation, poor sealing or omission of holes, generation of new holes, etc. A comprehensive examination should be carried out. The exudation responders should be treated with hormones systemically or locally, and other conditions should be treated symptomatically.

5. Secondary glaucoma: treated separately according to specific conditions. Laser iris drilling or iris circumcision caused by pupil block; Choroidal exudation can be caused by scleral incision and hormone; Patients with unknown causes should be treated with drugs first, and filtering surgery can be considered for persistent high intraocular pressure.

6. Macular fold: it is easy to occur in the temporal side of the retina, with large holes and degenerative areas, large condensation range, proliferative vitreoretinopathy before operation, and reoperation. There is usually anterior macular membrane. It can be used for vitreous cutting and membrane stripping.

7. Proliferative vitreoretinopathy: it is not only a serious complication, but also an important reason for the failure of retinal detachment reduction surgery. Mainly prevention. The operation of omental detachment should be carried out as soon as possible and cured at one time to reduce the intraoperative injury. Vitrectomy was performed.

8. Sympathetic ophthalmia: rarely occurs. Symptomatic treatment.

9. Diplopia: the amputated muscle is not sutured in situ, the compression material under the rectus muscle is too large, and the sclera adheres to the muscle, which can cause diplopia. Symptomatic treatment.

10. Cerclage pain: generally, it will gradually reduce or disappear after several months. For severe eye pain, it can be sealed with retrobulbar procaine. If it still cannot be relieved, remove the cerclage.

11. Exposure or infection of pressor: foreign body rejection. Poor suture, displacement of pressurization, and poor coverage of pressurization by ocular fascia and conjunctiva are related factors. If the exposure of the pressurizer takes a long time from the operation and the retinal hole has healed, remove the pressurizer. Generally, the pressure should be removed and anti infection should be carried out at the same time.

and

warm tips: retinal detachment generally has no prevention. Do not participate in strenuous sports, such as running, jumping, throwing, swimming, etc. The incidence rate of myopia is high. There is no need to worry about retinal detachment. The general probability is not high. No diet can be improved. You can check the fundus of your eyes in the hospital regularly, such as half a year.

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. Abstract: anterior segment ischemia will be caused after retinal detachment surgery damages the posterior long ciliary artery or anterior ciliary artery. Mild ischemia is common and does not affect the prognosis of surgery. Severe ischemia can cause serious consequences and eventually lead to eyeball atrophy., Retinal detachment is a common ophthalmic disease, which is more common in middle-aged or elderly people. Most of them have myopia, and both eyes can come on successively. Vision will decline rapidly in a short time, the line of sight will gradually become blurred, and the entity seen will be seriously deformed. Retinal detachment is the separation of retinal neuroepithelial layer and pigment epithelial layer. Part of retinal detachment cannot work normally, and the brain receives incomplete or complete images from the eyes. If the treatment is not timely or the operation method is not appropriate, it will cause related complications. So, what complications will occur during retinal detachment surgery?, 1. Uveitis: uveitis may occur after retinal surgery because it involves uvea. Therefore, hormone should be used locally or systemically after operation., 2. Endophthalmitis: rare. Germs may be brought into the eye through the drain. Follow the routine treatment and perform vitrectomy if necessary.,

retinaAbscission is a common ophthalmic disease, which is more common in middle-aged or elderly people. Most of them have myopia, and both eyes can come on successively. Vision will decline rapidly in a short time, the line of sight will gradually become blurred, and the entity seen will be seriously deformed. Retinal detachment is the separation of retinal neuroepithelial layer and pigment epithelial layer. Part of retinal detachment cannot work normally, and the brain receives incomplete or complete images from the eyes. If the treatment is not timely or the operation method is not appropriate, it will cause related complications. So, what complications will occur during retinal detachment surgery?

1. Uveitis: uveitis may occur after retinal surgery because it involves uvea. Therefore, local or systemic hormone should be used after operation.

2. Endophthalmitis: rare. Germs may be brought into the eye through the drain. Follow the routine treatment and vitrectomy if necessary.

3. Anterior segment ischemia: caused by surgical injury of posterior long ciliary artery or anterior ciliary artery. Mild ischemia is common and does not affect the prognosis of surgery. Severe ischemia can cause serious consequences and eventually lead to eyeball atrophy.

4. Subretinal effusion: it may be exudation caused by non drainage during operation, condensation or electrocoagulation, poor sealing or omission of holes, generation of new holes, etc. A comprehensive examination should be carried out. The exudation responders should be treated with hormones systemically or locally, and other conditions should be treated symptomatically.

5. Secondary glaucoma: treated separately according to specific conditions. Laser iris drilling or iris circumcision caused by pupil block; Choroidal exudation can be caused by scleral incision and hormone; Patients with unknown causes should be treated with drugs first, and filtering surgery can be considered for persistent high intraocular pressure.

6. Macular fold: it is easy to occur in the temporal side of the retina, with large holes and degenerative areas, large condensation range, proliferative vitreoretinopathy before operation, and reoperation. There is usually anterior macular membrane. It can be used for vitreous cutting and membrane stripping.

7. Proliferative vitreoretinopathy: it is not only a serious complication, but also an important reason for the failure of retinal detachment reduction surgery. Mainly prevention. The operation of omental detachment should be carried out as soon as possible and cured at one time to reduce the intraoperative injury. Vitrectomy was performed.

8. Sympathetic ophthalmia: rarely occurs. Symptomatic treatment.

9. Diplopia: the amputated muscle is not sutured in situ, the compression material under the rectus muscle is too large, and the sclera adheres to the muscle, which can cause diplopia. Symptomatic treatment.

10. Cerclage pain: generally, it will gradually reduce or disappear after several months. For severe eye pain, it can be sealed with retrobulbar procaine. If it still cannot be relieved, remove the cerclage.

11. Exposure or infection of pressor: foreign body rejection. Poor suture, displacement of pressurization, and poor coverage of pressurization by ocular fascia and conjunctiva are related factors. If the exposure of the pressurizer takes a long time from the operation and the retinal hole has healed, remove the pressurizer. Generally, the pressure should be removed and anti infection should be carried out at the same time.

and

warm tips: retinal detachment generally has no prevention. Do not participate in strenuous sports, such as running, jumping, throwing, swimming, etc. The incidence rate of myopia is high. There is no need to worry about retinal detachment. The general probability is not high. No diet can be improved. You can check the fundus of your eyes in the hospital regularly, such as half a year.

, 3. Anterior segment ischemia: caused by surgical injury of posterior long ciliary artery or anterior ciliary artery. Mild ischemia is common and does not affect the prognosis of surgery. Severe ischemia can cause serious consequences and eventually lead to eyeball atrophy., 4. Subretinal effusion: it may be exudation caused by non drainage, condensation or electrocoagulation during operation, poor sealing or omission of holes, generation of new holes, etc. A comprehensive examination should be made. The exudation responder should be treated with hormone systemic or locally, and other conditions should be treated symptomatically., 5. Secondary glaucoma: treat separately according to specific conditions. Laser iris drilling or iris circumcision caused by pupil block; Choroidal exudation can be caused by scleral incision and hormone; Patients with unknown causes should be treated with drugs first, and filtering surgery can be considered for persistent high intraocular pressure., 6. Macular fold: it is easy to occur in the temporal side of the retina with large holes and degenerative areas, large condensation range, proliferative vitreoretinopathy before operation, and reoperation. There is usually anterior macular membrane. It can be used for vitrectomy and membrane stripping., 7. Proliferative vitreoretinopathy: it is a serious complication and an important reason for the failure of retinal detachment reduction surgery. Mainly prevention. The operation of omental detachment should be carried out as soon as possible and cured at one time to reduce the intraoperative injury. Vitrectomy was performed., 8. Sympathetic ophthalmia: rare. Symptomatic treatment., 9. Diplopia: the amputated muscle is not sutured in situ, the compression material under the rectus muscle is too large, and the sclera adheres to the muscle, which can cause diplopia. Symptomatic treatment., 10. Cerclage pain: generally, it will gradually reduce or disappear after several months. For severe eye pain, it can be sealed with retrobulbar procaine. If it still cannot be relieved, remove the cerclage., 11. Exposure or infection of pressor: foreign body rejection. Poor suture, displacement of pressurization, and poor coverage of pressurization by ocular fascia and conjunctiva are related factors. If the exposure of the pressurizer takes a long time from the operation and the retinal hole has healed, remove the pressurizer. Generally, the pressurizer should be removed to prevent infection., Warm tip: retinal detachment generally has no prevention. Do not participate in strenuous sports, such as running, jumping, throwing, swimming, etc. The incidence rate of myopia is high. There is no need to worry about retinal detachment. The general probability is not high. No diet can be improved. You can check the fundus of your eyes in the hospital regularly, such as half a year.