Ten misunderstandings of myopia, how many moves did you win

Abstract: the so-called “pseudomyopia” is the visual acuity decline caused by excessive eye fatigue. It may cause transient visual acuity decline due to too much eye use recently. After mydriatic optometry, the refractive state is mild hyperopia or no myopia, which is a completely normal refractive state.

misunderstanding 1: Children’s poor vision is myopia.

low vision is also divided into two types: physiological and pathological. The so-called low physiological vision is that the child’s eye development is relatively slow, but not very serious. Pathological low vision is that the eyes may have organic lesions. There are many reasons for poor eyesight. It is not only myopia. On the contrary, 95% of the poor eyesight of preschool children is not myopia, but caused by hyperopia and astigmatism. Therefore, parents who find their children’s eye problems should come to a professional eye hospital for examination at the first time. Misunderstanding 2 of

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: don’t wear glasses too early. Some school-age children are myopia in grade one and two. Many parents will insist on not giving their children glasses, believing that “once they wear glasses, myopia will become deeper and deeper”. In fact, children with myopia will squint at distant objects without glasses. In the long run, myopia will develop faster. Misunderstanding 3 of

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: there is no distinction between true and false myopia.

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the so-called “false myopia” refers to the decline in vision caused by excessive eye fatigue. It may be that too much eye use in the near future may cause a temporary decline in vision. After mydriatic optometry, the refractive state is mild hyperopia or no myopia, which is a completely normal refractive state. Many parents match their children with glasses without mydriasis optometry in the glasses shop, so as to change pseudomyopia into true myopia. Misunderstanding 4 of

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: the more myopia glasses are changed, the higher the degree of myopia.

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the reasons for the deepening of myopia in adolescence are excessive eye burden and unscientific eye habits, in addition to genetic factors. During the period of rapid height development, the degree of myopia often deepens rapidly. Therefore, on the basis of scientific and reasonable correction, whether myopia deepens has nothing to do with whether to replace glasses. The premise is that the glasses are scientific and suitable for children. Misunderstanding 5 of

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: myopia glasses should not be matched too clearly.

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glasses should be matched accurately, not “over corrected” or “leave room”. If the degree is too high, it belongs to “over correction”, which may lead to children’s dizziness after wearing glasses; With a low degree of “leave room”, myopia may be further deepened. Misunderstanding 6 of

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: children are still young = pseudomyopia

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. In fact, age is not the standard to define true and false myopia. Children generally have a certain physiological hyperopia state, and poor eyesight is normal at this age. Therefore, when vision problems occur, we must do formal optometry. Misunderstanding 7 of

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: mydriatic optometry is harmful to the eyes.

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after mydriasis, children can’t see clearly and are afraid of light. In fact, mydriasis will not cause damage to the eyes. Mydriatic optometry can not only avoid excessive regulation of ciliary muscle, but also avoid pseudomyopia caused by regulation spasm. In particular, mydriatic optometry for children or primary school students is more helpful to get an objective index. Misunderstanding 8 of

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: directly matching glasses without medical optometry

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general glasses shops are only ordinary computer optometry, which is lack of accuracy and can not effectively control the growth of myopia. Even some patients with pseudomyopia will mismatch glasses when they first match glasses. As a result, not only the vision problem has not been corrected, but they have become true myopia. Misunderstanding 9 of

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: do not recheck

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after wearing glasses. Many parents no longer take children with myopia to the hospital for examination after matching glasses. This practice is wrong. Clinical practice has confirmed that regular reexamination of children with myopia in the hospital can clarify whether the children’s original vision has changed and whether the original true myopia has developed. Misunderstanding 10 of

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: blindly believing in folk prescriptions for not wearing glasses

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parents often try various “folk prescriptions” for not letting their children wear glasses: physiotherapy, massage and eyesight eye patch. In fact, these methods don’t have any side effects, they just play a role in alleviating eye fatigue. But some “folk prescriptions” may damage children’s eyesight.