Abstract: some parents hold the old idea that “the sooner they wear glasses, the higher the degree will be in the future”, and refuse to wear glasses for their children without any basis. In fact, this understanding is even more influential than the “false myopia view” in misunderstanding 1.
in the case of “the whole people fear myopia”, there are a variety of “treatment of true and false myopia” methods in the market, which deviates from the track of rational and scientific prevention and treatment. The following three misunderstandings in the prevention and treatment of myopia are summarized.
misunderstanding 1: children are still young = pseudomyopia
parents often blurt out when hearing their children’s myopia: “is it false or true?” In fact, pseudomyopia only accounts for a very small proportion (no more than 3%) of juvenile myopia. It is only a “myopia” phenomenon, not myopia in essence. For example, a 5-year-old boy with vision of only 0.6 was diagnosed as “150 vacation myopia”. After one year of treatment, he took off his glasses and his vision recovered to 1.0. His parents said that “pseudomyopia has been improved”. In fact, after objective medical optometry, the child is 100 degrees hyperopia, which is not myopia at all. Therefore, age is not the standard to define true and false myopia. When there is a problem with vision, you must go to a regular hospital for medical optometry. Misunderstanding 2 of
: early wearing glasses = deepening myopia
some parents hold the old idea that “the sooner they wear glasses, the higher the degree will be in the future”, and refuse to provide glasses for their children for correction without any basis. In fact, this understanding is even more influential than the “false myopia view” in misunderstanding 1. The prescription of glasses should be considered according to the results of optometry, combined with the comprehensive conditions such as visual acuity requirements, eye position, eye muscle movement and amblyopia. Before matching glasses, the first thing is to receive optometry. Only when the refractive state of the eye is clear can appropriate correction be given. Misunderstanding 3 of
: mydriatic optometry is harmful to the eyes.
in fact, mydriasis will not cause damage to the eyes. The pupils can return to normal by themselves a few days after mydriasis. Teenagers need mydriasis for optometry, that is, they use eye drops to paralyze the ciliary muscles and dilate the pupils, so as to optometry under the condition of eliminating the regulatory effect. Mydriatic optometry can not only avoid excessive regulation of ciliary muscle, but also avoid pseudomyopia caused by regulation spasm. Especially for children or pupils, mydriatic optometry is more helpful to get an objective index and make the diopter more accurate.
how to treat pseudomyopia
1. When the head of
rotates up, down, left and right, the eyes also move together.
2. Blinking method
head tilts back and blinks constantly to make the blood unblocked. When the eyes are slightly tired, just do 2-3 blinking exercises.
3. Hot and cold compress alternating method
one towel is soaked in hot water that is a little hotter than bath water, and the other towel is soaked in cold water with ice. First put the hot towel on your eyes for about five minutes, and then put the cold towel for five minutes.
4. Eye gymnastics
middle finger points between the eye socket and the bridge of the nose, and rubs the palm over the face back and forth for five minutes. Then move the neck slowly left and right, then close your eyes, clench your fist and tap the neck ten times.
5. Look at the far and near method
look at the distance for three minutes, look at the palm of your hand for 1-2 minutes, and then look at the distance. This can effectively eliminate eye fatigue by exchanging several times.