The child’s vision can’t reach 1.0. Correct it quickly? Be careful not to hurt the child

Abstract: after each child is born, there is a physiological process from “hyperopia” to “emmetropia”. This is because the child’s eyeball is small and the eye axis is short. The light entering the eye basically falls behind the retina, that is, hyperopia., Some new mothers found that the baby was born with hyperopia and looked panic. Professor Yang Xiaohong, director of Guangdong Institute of eye disease prevention and control and ophthalmology of Guangdong Provincial People’s Hospital, said that this is a normal phenomenon. “We can’t think that children’s vision less than 1.0 is abnormal.”., “Why?”, Note 1 to parents: every child has “physiological hyperopia” at birth, When light comes from an infinite distance (generally five meters away as infinite distance), it passes through the refractive system of the eye in a relaxed state and focuses on the retina, it is hyperopia; on the retina, it is emmetropia; in front of the retina, it is myopia. This is the different refractive state of the human eye. When light focuses on the retina, it is “hyperopia” 。, Professor Yang Xiaohong introduced that after each child is born, there is a physiological process from “hyperopia” to “emmetropia”. This is because the child’s eyeball is small at birth, the eye axis is short, and the light entering the eye basically falls behind the retina, that is, hyperopia; After that, with the development of the body, the eyeball slowly becomes larger and the eye axis becomes longer, Gradually approaching the level of a normal adult (the eye axis reaches 23-24 mm), it becomes emmetropia “Generally speaking, if children’s eyes are normally developed, we don’t need to interfere with physiological hyperopia; but some children’s eyeballs will grow slower or even no longer develop. At this time, hyperopia may lead to strabismus and amblyopia, resulting in the decline of the visual function of the whole eye. We need to take intervention measures in time.”, If the child’s eyeball development is slow or even stagnant, “physiological hyperopia” should be paid attention to.,

some new mothers found that the baby was born with hyperopia and looked panic. Professor Yang Xiaohong, director of Guangdong Institute of eye disease prevention and control and ophthalmology of Guangdong Provincial People’s Hospital, said that this is a normal phenomenon. “We can’t think that children’s vision less than 1.0 is abnormal”.

“why?”

parents note 1: every child is born with “physiological hyperopia”,

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from infinity (generally five meters away is regarded as infinity). When the light is adjusted and relaxed, it passes through the refractive system of the eye and focuses on the retina, it is hyperopia; on the retina, it is emmetropia; in front of the retina, it is myopia. This is the different refractive states of the human eye.

light focuses on the retina, it is “hyperopia.”

Professor Yang Xiaohong introduced that after each child is born, there is a physiological process from “hyperopia” to “emmetropia”. This is because the child’s eyeball is small at birth, the eye axis is short, and the light entering the eye basically falls behind the retina, that is, hyperopia; After that, with the development of the body, the eyeball slowly becomes larger and the eye axis becomes longer, Gradually approaching the level of a normal adult (the eye axis reaches 23-24 mm), it becomes emmetropia.

“Generally speaking, if a child’s eyes develop normally, we don’t need to interfere with physiological hyperopia; but some children’s eyeballs will develop slowly or even no longer develop. At this time, hyperopia may lead to strabismus and amblyopia, causing the decline of the whole eye visual function. We need to take intervention measures in time.”

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if the child’s eyeball development is slow or even stagnant, “physiological hyperopia” should be paid attention to.

instructions for parents 2: if you can’t see clearly and are “tired” when looking at things, your child may be hyperopia.

Professor Yang Xiaohong reminds parents that if your child reads for a while, he will say that his eyes are “tired”, he can’t see clearly or even have a headache. In fact, he may be “hyperopia”.

at this time, parents should take their children to a professional institution for mydriatic optometry for further examination and diagnosis. The treatment of hyperopia is mainly through wearing frame glasses, but how to wear and how many degrees to wear will be specially set according to the degree of hyperopia, the degree of visual fatigue of children and whether there is strabismus, which varies from person to person.

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at the same time, parents should also pay attention to avoid several misunderstandings in the prevention and treatment of hyperopia:

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think that “you can’t take off your glasses”?

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can be worn for a period of time After the refractive state gradually returns to normal, the key to “taking off the mirror” (especially for young children) is to recheck regularly and wear the mirror correctly under the advice of the doctor.

are too active in treatment.

It is found that hyperopia is too nervous and too active. For example, some children receive invasive treatment such as refractive surgery when they are very young. In fact, in the case of non height and small age, surgical treatment is not necessary. Many children can achieve better correction results by wearing frame glasses and cooperating with other treatments to improve vision.

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have various treatment methods for hyperopia, and professional doctors will give appropriate correction schemes.

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experts remind: different age groups have different vision ranges.

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Professor Yang Xiaohong reminds: at different age stages, children will have different diopters and naked vision, and can not take vision reaching 1.0 as the unified standard. The normal visual acuity of children before the age of 6 is generally below 0.8. The younger the age, the lower the normal visual acuity standard. Don’t worry too much.

then, how to tell whether a child is normal physiological hyperopia or slow growth and development?

this requires parents to effectively monitor the child’s visual development process, go to the hospital regularly for mydriasis optometry, and use drugs such as tropicamide or atropine to relax the ciliary muscle to get an accurate diopter to judge whether the visual development is normal. “It is recommended to go to professional optometry institutions or ophthalmology hospitals for an examination every six months.”