Abstract: flying mosquito disease: when people look at things, there are dark shadows floating in front of them, just like mosquitoes flying. In medicine, this condition is called vitreous opacity, which is mainly caused by vitreous degeneration. Myopic patients with flying mosquito disease should go to the hospital for examination in time to eliminate fundus lesions.
complications of myopia
retinal detachment: commonly known as “net detachment”, mainly manifested in sudden blurred vision, deformation and dark shadow occlusion, which can lead to blindness in severe cases. Once the retina is detached, surgery is needed immediately to avoid further deterioration of vision.
cataract: the lens becomes turbid, resulting in blindness. For high myopia complicated with cataract, the surgical effect may be worse than that of people without high myopia history.
glaucoma: high intraocular pressure, progressive decline of visual acuity and narrowing of visual field. It is the second blinding eye disease in the world.
retinal and choroidal atrophy: when the atrophy involves the macula, macular hemorrhage and holes can occur, vision is seriously reduced, and there are central fixed dark spots.
flying mosquito disease: it shows that when people see things, there are dark shadows floating in front of them, just like mosquitoes flying. In medicine, this condition is called vitreous opacity, which is mainly caused by vitreous degeneration. Myopic patients with flying mosquito disease should go to the hospital for examination in time to eliminate fundus lesions.
macular lesions: common macular hemorrhage, macular degeneration and macular hole.
posterior scleral staphyloma: due to the excessive extension of the eyeball from the equator to the back, the sclera at the posterior pole is significantly thinner and locally expanded. Under the action of intraocular pressure, the sclera bulges, forming posterior scleral staphyloma of different sizes. Its occurrence is significantly related to the diopter and the length of the eye.
strabismus: it is often accompanied by recessive exotropia or dominant exotropia due to abnormal regulation and collection functions and maladjusted relationship. The harm of
myopia mainly lies in complications. In addition to the general low visual function such as far vision and unique signs, the complications of myopia are diverse, which usually increase and aggravate gradually with the deepening of diopter and age, resulting in the continuous damage of more visual functions, and due to chorioretinal degeneration, Maculopathy and retinal detachment can lead to blindness. The pathological basis of complications is mainly ocular axis elongation, blood circulation disorder, malnutrition and specific tissue degeneration.