The past and present life of eye exercises

Abstract: the earliest eye exercises were born in Beijing. In 1961, the Beijing Municipal Bureau of Education found that with the improvement of grade, the myopia rate of teenagers is higher and higher, and 30% of high school students are myopia.

in China, in thousands of primary schools, junior middle schools and senior high schools, students have two major gymnastics to do in addition to boring and heavy learning. One is broadcast gymnastics and the other is eye health gymnastics. Recently, the Southern Metropolis Daily published a new edition of eye exercises carried out by a primary school in Hangzhou, which reminds many people of “the eye exercises we did in those years”.

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compared with the smooth implementation of broadcast gymnastics, eye health exercises appear to be a lot bumpy. There are as many as nine sets of broadcast gymnastics, but there are only two versions of eye exercises in 1963 and 2008. Both versions take pressing eye acupoints as the basic method, while the eye exercises newly implemented by this primary school in Hangzhou takes rotating eyes as the method, which is greatly different from the old version of acupoint pressing. Similar methods were popular in online video in 2012, Netizens jokingly call it “rolling eyes” eye exercises. The earliest eye exercises of

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,

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were born in Beijing. In 1961, the Beijing Municipal Bureau of Education found that with the improvement of grade, the myopia rate of teenagers is higher and higher, and 30% of high school students are myopia. Of course, the myopia rate may be higher now. According to the author’s own experience, nearly half of the students who wore glasses in high school and nine out of ten in college. In the graduate stage, the glasses “push on the nose and face” occupied the bridge of the nose of most people. Looking around, the glass pieces of glasses are full of cold light of wisdom. A pair of couplets can accurately summarize the current situation of myopia: today’s Jinshi are all myopia.

digress. Let’s continue to look at the historical story of eye exercises.

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at that time, Yan Yirou was the only one in the physical and Health Department of Beijing Education Bureau. She found Yu Fengzhu and Chen Yongfu from the municipal epidemic prevention station. The three established the “workers, peasants and soldiers cooperation group” and began the work of preventing myopia among primary and secondary school students in the city. Beijing Medical College at that time (now the medical department of Peking University) Liu Shiming, director of the physical education teaching and research group, has eye diseases. Because he has some attainments in traditional Chinese medicine massage, he created a set of eye exercises to treat his own eye diseases, which has achieved certain results. Therefore, Yan, Yu and Chen found Liu Shiming. Liu Shiming gave their own eye exercises and gave them personal guidance. After they mastered acupoints and fingering, 1 In 963, it was tried out in several primary schools in Beijing.

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, a set of eye exercises with a total of eight sections at first, have an indissoluble bond with all Chinese teenagers. They have taken root in the campus life of Chinese students and become one of people’s common campus memories.

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in order to carry out the implementation of eye exercises on a larger scale, Yan, Yu and Chen have taught by example, trained health and epidemic prevention personnel, and then trained teachers. The vigorous eye exercises implementation activities from top to bottom have blossomed from all over Beijing and rapidly radiated from Beijing to all parts of the country. The intervention of administrative forces has accelerated the spread of eye exercises, In a very short time, students all over the country began kneading and massage on the acupoints on the opposite side. Eye exercises and broadcast gymnastics have become compulsory courses for students on campus.

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the first sentence of the music commentary on eye exercises is “eye exercises begin now…”, but the earliest Music Festival said that there are two sentences in front of it, that is, “eye exercises begin now to protect eyesight and prevent myopia for the revolution…” in that era of emphasizing revolution and struggle, the music festival of eye exercises also has a strong red flavor, Looking at it now, a sense of age arises spontaneously.

at the beginning of the cultural revolution in 1966, the school closed and eye exercises stopped. Yan, Yu and Chen carefully preserved the hand-painted illustrations of eye exercises. By 1972, the school resumed classes and eye exercises began to be popular on campus. In order to find theoretical proof, Yan, Yu and Chen found Li Yutian and Lu Yinghua, the most famous TCM Massage experts in the capital at that time. On the basis of affirming the health care function of eye exercises, the two experts corrected and emphasized some massage techniques. Therefore, the original 8 sections of eye exercises were reduced to 5 sections. This is the second version of eye exercises.

if the 1963 version can be called eye exercises 1.0, then the 1972 version can be called eye exercises 1s. It is changed to 4 sections and continues to the 2008 version. Let’s call it eye exercises 1plus. There is no doubt that the new version launched in 2008 is called eye exercises 2.0. At present, the main body of eye exercises is version 2.0. The eye exercises of this primary school in Hangzhou announced the arrival of the era of eye exercises 3.0.

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have been debating about eye exercises since its establishment. Up to now, the useless theory of eye exercises is also rampant. On the microblog, there was the extreme view that “eye exercises have harmed Chinese teenagers for 50 years”. The argument is that the myopia rate of Chinese teenagers is the second in the world and the number is the first in the world. The biggest controversy is the acupoint pressing methods of eye exercises 1.0 and 2.0. Because it is easy to cause eye infection by touching the eyes with hands, this problem exists objectively.

there is no strict demonstration on the scientificity of eye exercises, but in my opinion, eye exercises are still valuable. Massage can really dispel fatigue and relieve pain in teenagers’ eyes. If the method is appropriate, it can relax and relieve eye strain to a certain extent.

as for why Chinese teenagers’ myopia is still so serious, there can only be one explanation: Chinese students are too tired, have too much homework, and are in the stage of excessive eye use for a long time. Not to mention an eye exercises, it is useless to develop any eye care drugs. The existence of eye exercises at least provides young students with a few minutes to relax their eyes and liberate their eyes. Without these minutes, young people’s eyes will be more tired.

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besides, taking advantage of the opportunity to focus on health exercises and secretly look at the people you like from your fingers is also one of the few precious campus memories of teenagers.

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