Abstract: eye exercises itself has its specific practice methods and procedures, just like practicing kung fu. The accuracy of finding acupoints, the strength and time of massage will affect the effect of eye exercises.
recently, the netizen “live Shanghai” said in his microblog, “Eye exercises have harmed Chinese teenagers for 49 years. In the world, only China has done eye exercises and massaged acupoints that have no effect. In the past 49 years, the myopia rate of Chinese teenagers has risen to the second in the world, reaching 360 million people. Eye exercises can not improve their eyesight. Many students massage with dirty hands, resulting in red eye disease and eye infection. Eye exercises were carried out by Liu Shi, Physical Education Department of Beijing Medical College in 1963 Director Ming created it himself, and the result was forced to be implemented throughout the country, which has no scientific basis. ” As soon as
is published, eye exercises have become the focus of public and media attention. Does massage acupoint have no effect? Experts believe that too one-sided eye exercises can not improve vision? Does acupoint massage have no effect? For this view, experts have said that it is too absolute and one-sided. Liu Baoyan, executive vice president of the Chinese Academy of traditional Chinese medicine and President of the Chinese society of acupuncture and moxibustion, believes that eye exercises itself has its specific practice methods and procedures, just like practicing kung fu. The accuracy of finding acupoints, the strength and time of massage will affect the effect of eye exercises. Hao Jin, chief physician of the ophthalmic hospital of the Chinese Academy of traditional Chinese medicine, told reporters that there are Foot Yangming stomach meridian and foot Taiyang Bladder Meridian intersecting at Jingming point starting from the meridians near the eyes or eyes; The bladder meridian of foot Taiyang starts from Jingming point of inner canthus; The gallbladder meridian of foot Shaoyang originates from the pupil of sharp canthus. Eye exercises is a comprehensive massage method based on the meridian theory of traditional Chinese medicine and sports medical treatment. Through the massage of these acupoints around the eyes, it can make the blood in the eyes unobstructed, improve nerve nutrition, so as to eliminate the tension or spasm of ciliary muscle, so as to prevent the occurrence of myopia. “Any science needs to be questioned, but it can’t be questioned in order to attract attention, let alone grandstanding under the banner of science.” Yang Jinsheng, deputy director of the Institute of acupuncture and moxibustion of the Chinese Academy of traditional Chinese medicine, said that if you risk the “useless theory” of eye health exercises today, you will risk the “useless theory” of radio gymnastics tomorrow. The day after tomorrow, someone will put forward that life lies in sports without scientific basis, and even someone will overthrow the public consensus and habit of “three meals a day”. Yang Jinsheng explained that juvenile myopia is often caused by long-term close eye use. Teenagers have a strong ability to adjust their eyes, but if they often read and write close, it will make the adjustment of their eyes extremely tense, which can form refractive myopia, the so-called pseudomyopia. If the long-term adjustment is excessive, the ciliary muscle can not flex flexibly, resulting in the strengthening of the radial effect, so that the extraocular muscle exerts pressure on the eyeball, the intraocular pressure increases, and the intraocular tissue is congested. In addition, the juvenile eyeball tissue is delicate, the eyeball wall is compressed and gradually extends, and the front and rear axes of the eyeball become longer, exceeding the normal value, the so-called true myopia forms axial myopia. Yang Jinsheng said that eye exercises have two unquestionable benefits: first, eye exercises can relax eye muscles, improve blood circulation around eyes and alleviate eye fatigue, which is very necessary to prevent the occurrence and development of juvenile myopia. Secondly, eye exercises itself is also an eye rest process, which plays a great role in restoring the regulation function of eye muscles. Dirty hands are easy to cause disease? The new version in 2008 has avoided “doing eye exercises can not improve vision. Many students use dirty hands to massage, resulting in red eye disease, eye infection, etc.” Microblogging said that eye exercises are not only useless, but also “harmful”. “Correctly mastering the operation of eye exercises will not lead to eye infection, red eye disease and other diseases. The disease is caused by bacteria entering the eyes and causing infection due to not mastering the correct operation habits.” Hao Jin said. Hao Jin told reporters that the second section of the old version of eye exercises was “pressing the eye point”, that is, press the root of the nose with the left or right thumb, press it down first, and then squeeze it up. This action is close to the eyeball. Recently, it is very likely to touch the eyes, but the new version of eye exercises has cancelled this section. In addition, “Dry face washing” may also allow bacteria to enter the eyes and mouth due to unsanitary hands, but the new version has been adjusted. In 2008, Beijing Education Commission and Beijing Municipal Bureau of health revised the old version of eye exercises and launched the new version of eye exercises in 2008. According to the meridian theory of traditional Chinese medicine, the new version of eye exercises modifies the original two chapters and replaces one of them. The total time is still 5 minutes. In the old version, there was a section called “dry washing your face”. Considering that bacteria on students’ hands may enter their eyes and mouth, the new version changed it to “press the Du meridian acupoint on the head”. Du Mai point is from the middle point of the face to the spine. Considering the convenience of operation, the fifth section only rubs the section from the forehead to the bun behind the brain. In addition, the new version of eye exercises not only ensures the effect, but also takes into account the students’ interests. For example, the “toe grasping” action is added in the first section, which can not only stimulate the “head” and “eyes” of the plantar reflection area, but also make the students feel “very interesting” in a novel way. Hao Jin reminded teenagers that when doing eye exercises, they should first do a good job in personal hand hygiene, frequently cut their nails, clean their hands as much as possible before doing exercises, and operate around their eyes and face. The manipulation should be gentle and moderate in intensity, without strong pressing, and completed with eyes closed. Whose fault is myopia high? Some netizens believe that over the past 49 years, the myopia rate of Chinese teenagers has risen to the second in the world because eye exercises are ineffective. Hao Jin believes that adolescent vision loss is not the fault of eye exercises. “Just like the increase in the proportion of obese children now, can it be said that it is the fault of improving the quality of life? In fact, there are more and more myopia children for many reasons.” Hao Jin said that now teenagers have great learning pressure, heavy extracurricular burden and many homework. They have to read books, blackboard, projection and computer in class every day. Even some courses have to be completed through computer network. With the popularity of mobile phones and tablets, many teenagers are used to using them, or playing mobile games or reading activities. These increasing close eye activities undoubtedly increase the burden on the eyes, cause visual fatigue and cause myopia. In addition, many teenagers do not pay attention to eye habits and hygiene, write and read too close, use their eyes for a long time, or do not pay attention to hand hygieneRubbing eyes can cause eye diseases. Small glasses have been put up on the bridge of children’s nose, which is really worrying and should be paid attention to by the whole society. However, the crux of the problem may not lie in eye exercises. To reduce the myopia rate of teenagers, the most important thing is to create an external environment for children to use their eyes reasonably, such as effectively reducing the schoolwork burden that is difficult to cure. It is not the first time to question the effect of eye exercises. Previously, some people have written an article questioning the effect of eye exercises, saying that there is no scientific theory, clinical trials or survey statistics to prove that doing eye exercises can prevent myopia. In the world, only China is promoting eye exercises, but the myopia rate of Chinese students ranks second in the world. Eye exercises have been questioned again and again, which has sounded an alarm for traditional Chinese medicine people on the other hand. Experts pointed out that from the so-called “Abolishing traditional Chinese medicine” argument in previous years to the “opening up the two channels of Ren and Du” event this year, the gap between some people on the social level and traditional Chinese medicine has been exposed. The so-called “useless theory” of eye health exercises also reflects such a problem. Liu Baoyan said that eye exercises are a good eye care method, but to ensure good results, we should also pay attention to the accuracy in the implementation process to avoid its ineffectiveness due to inaccurate grasp of acupoints. Can’t you find the acupoint? Experts teach you positioning. Many netizens think that the poor effect of eye exercises is because many students don’t do it standardized and can’t find acupoints. To this end, the reporter specially asked Hao Jin to explain the acupoints of “eye health exercises” for everyone: the first section kneads the earlobe eye acupoints, and the toes grasp the ground: pinch the eye acupoint in the middle of the earlobe with the threaded surface of both thumbs and index fingers, and the other three fingers naturally bend together. While kneading the acupoints, use all toes of both feet to do the grasping movement. The second section rubs the temple and scrapes the upper orbit: fist up four fingers, press and hold the temple with the rib surface of the left and right thumbs, scrape the upper and lower circles of the orbit with the inner surface of the second section of the left and right index fingers, the upper side starts from the eyebrow to the tip of the eyebrow, and the lower part starts from the inner corner of the eye to the outer corner of the eye, first up and then down, and scrape up and down. Temple: about an inch backward between the outer corner of the eye and the tip of the eyebrow. Section 3 press and knead Sibai acupoints: first close the left and right index fingers and middle fingers together, put them on both sides near the nasal wing, support the thumb at the depression of the lower palatal bone, then put down the middle finger and press and knead in the center of the cheek. Note that the acupoints do not need to move, and the kneading surface should not be too large. Sibai acupoint: when both eyes look straight ahead, the middle of the lower edge of the orbit is straight to the lower transverse finger. Section 4 press and knead Fengchi acupoints: press the threaded surfaces of the index finger and middle finger on the acupoints on both sides respectively, and the other three fingers will relax naturally. Fengchi point: in the neck, under the occipital bone, the depression between the sternocleidomastoid muscle and the upper end of the trapezius muscle. Section V: press the head Du Mai acupoint with both hands bent on the head Du Mai acupoint four times, from front to back, and relax your fingers. Just press and knead the section from the forehead to the bun behind the head.
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