There are so many choices for myopia surgery. Which kind of myopia surgery is good?

Abstract: at present, there are two kinds of clinically mature surgery: one is corneal refractive surgery (laser surgery), and the other is posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation (ICL). Laser surgery is mainly suitable for patients with medium and low myopia, and ICL surgery is mainly suitable for patients with high and ultra-high myopia.

As we all know, the selection of appropriate surgical methods plays a decisive role in the visual effect and postoperative recovery of myopia patients. In the face of diversified surgical methods, many myopia friends often feel confused when choosing: which surgical method is good?

  1. What are the mainstream myopia surgery methods

and

. At present, there are two kinds of clinically mature surgery: one is corneal refractive surgery (laser surgery), and the other is posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation (hereinafter referred to as ICL). Laser surgery is mainly suitable for patients with medium and low myopia, and ICL surgery is mainly suitable for patients with high and ultra-high myopia. Laser surgery is divided into matrix surgery (LASIK) and surface surgery (such as transprk); stromal surgery is mainly suitable for patients with sufficient corneal thickness, and surface surgery is mainly suitable for patients with thin cornea and low myopia. Stromal surgery can be divided into: ① older lamellar knife surgery (such as SBK) and ② newer femtosecond laser assisted LASIK surgery (half femtosecond for short), ③ the latest femtosecond laser small incision corneal stromal lens removal surgery (full femtosecond for short).

2. Ranking and advantage analysis of myopia surgery

There are many methods of myopia surgery to correct vision, and two kinds are widely welcomed by patients: femtosecond laser myopia surgery and ICL intraocular lens implantation. These two methods have high safety and ideal effect. (femtosecond laser myopia surgery is divided into half femtosecond and full femtosecond)

patient recommendation 1: half femtosecond

Recommendation Index:

Half femtosecond is to make the corneal flap with femtosecond laser first, and then complete the cutting with excimer laser scanning. Two sets of equipment are required. Because the wound of the corneal flap is large, in order to avoid eye trauma, you can’t engage in highly antagonistic exercise from 1 to 3 months after operation. But the price of half a femtosecond is relatively lower, and the recovery of vision is faster.

patient recommendation 2: full femtosecond

Recommendation Index:

full femtosecond is to complete the operation with one device, It is a minimally invasive (2mm wound) corneal refractive surgery without making corneal flap, and the ability to withstand trauma after surgery is significantly enhanced. However, the price of the operation is relatively high, and the visual acuity recovery is slightly slower. It is more suitable for athletes, soldiers, police and outdoor workers, as well as those who have high-end needs for surgery.

patient recommendation 3: ICL lens implantation

Recommended index:

ICL will be a good choice for patients with high and ultra-high myopia whose eye conditions are not suitable for laser surgery.

ICL surgery is to implant a soft crystal made of advanced collagen material Collamer into the eye through a micro incision. It can widely correct myopia (300-2300 degrees), hyperopia (300-1000 degrees) and astigmatism (100-600 degrees). The operation can be performed as long as the age is over 18 years old, the refractive state is stable, and the preoperative examination meets the operation conditions. The operation does not consume corneal tissue; the incision is small, the recovery is fast, and there is no surgical suture; the operation is reversible and does not require special care; the appearance is beautiful, and the postoperative visual quality is often higher than the effect of wearing glasses.

In short, there are many types of myopia surgery, each with its own advantages. Patients’ friends should first understand the differences between surgical methods. Secondly, we should make reasonable choices after fully communicating with doctors according to our own needs and economic affordability.