Three common eye diseases in children should be treated as soon as possible

Abstract: myopia is divided into pseudomyopia and true myopia. Some children have poor naked eyesight, but after mydriasis, they find no eyes, no degree or only 100 degrees. This is pseudomyopia. Drop some eye drops, pay attention to eye hygiene, go outdoors and play table tennis. They will get better after a period of time.

myopia: to distinguish between “true” and “false”,

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since mobile phones and iPads have become “nannies” and occupied children’s eyes, there are more and more children with myopia. Sun Jianning, chief ophthalmologist of CUHK hospital, pointed out that in addition to bad eye habits, myopia is also related to heredity. Generally speaking, if both parents are myopic, their children are more likely to be myopic. In addition, Asians are more prone to myopia. China is a big country with myopia, which may be related to their physique.

myopia is divided into pseudomyopia and true myopia. Some children have poor naked eye vision, but after mydriasis, they find no eyes, no degree or only 100 degrees. This is pseudomyopia. Drop some eye drops, pay attention to eye hygiene, go outdoors and play table tennis. They will get better after a period of time. If the degree after mydriasis is large, children should wear glasses to correct their eyesight. Optometry suggests going to a regular hospital. Generally, the glasses store does not do mydriasis, so it is impossible to diagnose whether it is true myopia or false myopia.

amblyopia: many preschool children with

whose corrected vision is less than 0.6 can be diagnosed as amblyopia. It is the result of a variety of factors and is related to children’s visual function development disorder, which is hereditary. Now many childcare places will do refractive examination for their children before entering the park. If they find abnormalities, they will advise parents to take their children to a regular hospital. Therefore, we found more and more amblyopia preschool children. The medical optometry of

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hospitals has mydriasis examination, which can distinguish whether the child is amblyopia or ametropia. If the child has only mild refractive abnormalities and the corrected vision is acceptable, it is recommended to use eye drops, continue observation and return to the hospital regularly; If the child has poor corrected vision and abnormal refraction, he needs to wear glasses and carry out amblyopia training.

parents should pay attention to the refractive status of preschool children. If there is myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism, they can go to the hospital for medical optometry. The earlier the treatment of amblyopia, the better the effect. The children treated in the ophthalmology department of CUHK hospital are only 2 years old and many are 3 years old. It is difficult to treat them after they are over 13 years old.

strabismus: the summer vacation is the peak of treatment.

there are still more strabismus children now, which is mainly related to congenital dysplasia, acquired ocular muscle dysplasia and genetic factors. Strabismus children’s eyes are askew and can’t look at the target at the same time. Without good stereopsis, they can’t see complex 3D pictures, such as the world under 3D film and microscope. Strabismus has an impact on children not only because it is not beautiful enough, but also hinders visual development. Laissez faire will cause irreparable visual defects, affect children’s psychology and future life, and are greatly limited in learning and employment. For example, when you grow up, you can’t engage in fine work such as pilots and doctors, and you can’t drive.

every summer vacation and winter vacation are the peak of strabismus treatment. For congenital strabismus occurring within 6 months, it should be treated as soon as possible. For strabismus occurring after 6 months, it is recommended to operate in preschool. Children with strabismus and amblyopia should adjust their binocular vision balance before surgery. Generally, children under the age of six or seven have surgery after local anesthesia, and children under the age of five or naughty do not cooperate with general anesthesia. The earlier the treatment of strabismus, the better, not later than 8 years old, otherwise it is unfavorable to the child’s visual development and visual recovery.

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eye care small brocade bag

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experts remind that caring for eyes should start with dolls and life. Not lying down, not in strong light, not in dark environment, not reading or writing while walking; When reading and doing homework, sit upright, keep a 30cm distance between your eyes and the book, take a 40 minute – 1 hour rest, look at the distance or close your eyes to refresh yourself; Do eye exercises well. Children often deal with books, mobile phones and computers. Eye exercises can alleviate eye fatigue and protect eyes; Children need not use fancy desk lamps, 60 watt incandescent lamps can be used; Work and rest regularly to ensure adequate sleep and eat less sweets; When participating in sports and setting off fireworks, pay attention to protect your eyes and avoid eye injury.