Abstract: the peak of juvenile myopia is 7 ~ 15 years old, of which 10 ~ 15 years old is the most critical stage of juvenile eye development and the most prone to problems. Therefore, scientific prevention and control of myopia must grasp the root. Mastering three secrets can help parents scientifically guide their children to prevent and control myopia.
eye health is not only the guarantee of general health, but also a mirror reflecting health and quality of life. It is listed as one of the top ten standards of human health by the World Health Organization. According to statistics, the myopia rate of American teenagers is 25%, and the myopia rate of German students has been controlled below 15%, while this proportion is only 1.3% in Australia. Compared to the incidence rate of myopia in China, 62.3% of the primary school students are very staggering. Xiaobian has collected the vision protection measures of various countries. Let’s learn together!
USA: pay attention to daily eye health management
in American daily life, pay great attention to the eye protection of teenagers. For eye rest time, indoor light, eye distance, outdoor eye and other preventive measures, 8 Eye guidelines are given.
Germany: pay attention to the management of children’s natural vision
in addition to regularly climbing and looking far and promoting eye exercises, the myopia rate of German students is low. The important reason is that Germans attach great importance to improving children’s natural vision.
some schools let students wear witch glasses from the beginning of first grade, experience the feeling of myopia, understand the causes of myopia, the inconvenience of wearing glasses to life, etc. In order to improve children’s eyesight, German schools regularly carry out “telescopic” activities. Children stare at the green fields in the distance and the undulating mountains in the sky, either in the corridor, in the park or in the mountains, so as to nourish their eyes.
Canada: pay attention to eye health prevention and management
parents of public primary and secondary school students in Canada will receive a “love eye” letter from the school at the end of each school term; In the Canadian medical system, ophthalmology is one of the few specialties with direct outpatient services. Parents can take their children to the designated clinic for regular examination and treatment every six months according to the school’s suggestions. If it is found that the child needs to wear glasses, the ophthalmologist will perform optometry immediately, match the child with a pair of appropriate glasses, and replace a pair of glasses every two years. All this is free.
in addition, Canada especially advocates outdoor activities. Regardless of the hardware conditions of the school, at least 2 hours of outdoor activities will be guaranteed every day. The second is to reduce eye fatigue.
establish a three-level myopia prevention and control system
research data show that the main reason for the low myopia rate in European and American countries not only attaches importance to eye health management, but also attaches more importance to prevention and timely intervention measures after myopia.
because vision is irreversible, ophthalmologists advocate and appeal that rigorous and standardized optometry professional institutions should consciously establish a three-level myopia prevention and control system. Let children who are not myopia stay away from myopia; Let the children who are just short-sighted bid farewell to myopia; Let children who have myopia slow down the development of myopia; Parents should take precautions in the management of children’s eye health.
scientific prevention and control of myopia 123
the peak of juvenile myopia is 7 ~ 15 years old, of which 10 ~ 15 years old is the most critical stage of juvenile eye development and the most prone to problems. Therefore, scientific prevention and control of myopia must grasp the root. Mastering three secrets can help parents scientifically guide their children to prevent and control myopia. Secret 1 of
: reduce the use of
in close distance, formulate reasonable learning plans for children, and reduce reading and writing in close distance. Every 40 minutes of continuous close reading, you should rest and overlook for 10 minutes.
secret 2: enough outdoor activities
more and more studies and evidence show that outdoor activities can effectively control the occurrence and development of myopia. The mechanism is that outdoor high illumination can promote the secretion of dopamine and dopamine can inhibit the growth of ocular axis. Therefore, it is recommended that children carry out outdoor activities for 2 hours every day, go to outdoor activities during recess, and don’t stay in the classroom.
secret 3: establish refractive development files
when a child is three years old, he needs to go to a professional and formal ophthalmic service institution to establish refractive development files (regularly check corneal curvature, eye axis, ciliary muscle paralysis, pupil optometry results, intraocular pressure, height and other indicators), and ask a professional optometrist to analyze and evaluate various parameters of the child’s eyes for you, Formulate scientific intervention plan.