Abstract: Amblyopia patients have no obvious organic lesions in the eyes, and the best corrected visual acuity can not reach the visual acuity value consistent with the development stage. In terms of types, it is mainly divided into strabismus amblyopia, anisometropic amblyopia, form deprivation amblyopia, ametropic amblyopia, congenital amblyopia, etc.
amblyopia is a very common eye disease in children. What are the consequences of children’s amblyopia? Amblyopia will lead to children’s low vision. Wearing any glasses can not correct their vision to normal, but also affect the formation of children’s stereovision, so that children can not engage in some promising careers in the future, such as engineers, architects, designers, etc., which has a vital impact on children’s life.
because children’s amblyopia is similar to myopia to a certain extent, many parents are easy to confuse the two eye diseases and mistakenly treat amblyopia as myopia, which makes children miss the golden period of amblyopia treatment and cause great regret for their children’s life.
amblyopia patients have no obvious organic lesions in the eyes, and the best corrected visual acuity can not reach the visual acuity value consistent with the development stage. In terms of types, it is mainly divided into strabismus amblyopia, anisometropic amblyopia, form deprivation amblyopia, ametropic amblyopia, congenital amblyopia, etc.
amblyopia children’s eye appearance is almost the same as that of normal children. More than half of the children found amblyopia at the age of 5-6. At this time, they have missed the best treatment period for amblyopia, which will lead to lifelong regret for children and parents. So how to find out if the child has amblyopia earlier? With only three moves, parents can find out whether there is amblyopia before the baby is 2-3 years old.
first move: visual acuity chart examination method
most children will recognize the visual acuity chart after simple vision teaching and recognition at the age of 3. Parents can buy a standard vision chart and hang it on the well lit wall at home. At a distance of 5 meters, cover their children’s eyes and let them recognize it. If the visual acuity is lower than 0.8, it is necessary to take the child to the hospital for further diagnosis.
the second move: pay attention to children’s abnormal behavior
parents can also put more eye-catching items in front of their children to observe whether they can find them in time; Observe the situation when the child is watching with both eyes and one eye, and pay attention to whether he likes to get close when watching TV; Observe whether the child has abnormal head position when looking at things, such as whether he likes to look up, bow his head and look at things; Observe whether the child can look at objects stably. If the child’s eyes turn back and forth or tremble, there is the possibility of amblyopia. In addition, the child often falls down when walking and can’t get things. It may also be that amblyopia affects his sense of distance when he can’t grasp objects.
the third move: masking test
when the child is 1 year old, the visual acuity of both eyes can reach about 0.2. At this time, use a cleaning cloth to cover one eye temporarily. If the eyesight of the eye is normal, the child can still play without special performance. The next day, cover the second eye with a cloth strip in the same way. If the child is still quiet, it shows that the eyesight of the two eyes is basically the same. On the contrary, if the child is agitated after the two eyes are covered alternately, and he pulls the cloth strip with his hand, it shows that the eyesight of the two eyes is very inconsistent. One eye has strong eyesight and the other eye has weak eyesight. The child does not want his parents to cover the eye with normal eyesight. At this time, you can clearly understand which eye of the child has a problem.