Top ten misunderstandings of juvenile myopia prevention and control products and measures

Abstract: the vast majority of juvenile myopia is inflexible adjustment. Only a few people adjust too strongly and relax the adjustment indiscriminately, making the adjustment more inflexible. On the contrary, it is easy to cause the development of myopia., I This is wrong: children can check the correct degree without mydriasis. Mydriatic optometry is harmful to the eyes and should not be carried out., Reasons: 1. Refraction is equal to measuring the height of the mountain. The standard is calculated from the sea level, Therefore, the regulation must be paralyzed (mydriasis) in order to check the correct diopter; 2. The pupil is only temporarily dilated. At this time, only the near objects are blurred for a short time, afraid of strong light, and everything is normal after the pupil recovers. Moreover, for a few myopia eyes with too strong adjustment, mydriasis eye drops are still a therapeutic agent. 2. This is wrong: juvenile myopia is caused by too strong adjustment, as long as it is discharged Loose adjustment products and measures can prevent the occurrence and development of myopia., Rationale: the occurrence and development of most juvenile myopia are related to inflexible adjustment and paraxial center defocus. The regulating function is that the eyeball can see both distant and nearer functions. In most children’s development, the regulation function is rising and improving, not too strong, but slow, which means that a small sapling is not too tall. It’s that it grows crooked or stiff. Relaxing the regulation is equal to cutting, not righting the saplings. Only a few people adjust too strongly and relax the regulation without checking the regulation phenomenon, causing most people to suffer., III. this is wrong: the correct optometry prescription can be issued without checking the adjustment and eye position., Reasons: 1. When prescribing optometry, we must refer to the eye position and adjustment, so that people can not only see clearly, but also see comfortably;,

I This is wrong: children can check the correct degree without mydriasis. Mydriatic optometry is harmful to the eyes and should not be carried out.

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reasons: 1. Refraction is equal to measuring the height of the mountain. The standard is calculated from the sea level, Therefore, the adjustment must be paralyzed (mydriasis) in order to test the correct diopter;

2. The pupil is only temporarily dilated. At this time, there is only a short-term blurred near object, which is afraid of glare. After the pupil recovers, everything is normal. Moreover, for a few myopia eyes with too strong adjustment, mydriasis eye drops are also a therapeutic agent.

Second, this is wrong: juvenile myopia is caused by too strong regulation. As long as the products and measures to relax regulation can prevent the occurrence and development of myopia. The reason for

and

is that the occurrence and development of most youngsters’ myopia are related to the adjustment of inflexibility and para center defocus. The regulating function is that the eyeball can both see far and see the near function. In most children’s development, the regulation function is constantly rising and improving, not too strong, but slow, which means that a small sapling is not too tall. However, if it grows askew or stiff, relaxing the regulation is equal to cutting, rather than righting the saplings. Only a few people adjust too strongly and blindly relax the regulation without checking the regulation phenomenon, causing most people to suffer.

III. this is wrong: the correct optometry prescription can be issued without checking the adjustment and eye position.

reasons: 1. When prescribing optometry, we must refer to the eye position and adjustment, so that people can not only see clearly, but also see comfortably;

2. The computer optometer is only a preliminary examination, and the comprehensive optometer should be used for optometry.

4. This is wrong: progressive multifocal glasses or bifocal glasses can prevent the development of juvenile myopia regardless of eye position and adjustment.

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reasons: 1. These two glasses are designed for the elderly to relax and adjust when looking at near objects. They are rarely used in the control of juvenile myopia abroad;

2. The vast majority of juvenile myopia is inflexible adjustment. Only a few people adjust too strongly and relax the adjustment indiscriminately, making the adjustment more inflexible. On the contrary, it is easy to cause the development of myopia.

V. This is wrong: the degree of corrective glasses for juvenile myopia can not be enough.

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reasons: the old view that myopia can be prevented and treated only by relaxing the regulation is haunting. Only a few people with too strong regulation can have low correction.

6. This is wrong: as long as the spectacle frame is firm, it doesn’t matter at all.

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reasons: the spectacle frame must be placed at the specified position in front of your eyes. Once it is displaced, the optical correction effect will be affected. Therefore, the correction must be checked frequently.

7. This is wrong: eye patch can treat many diseases such as myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, glaucoma, cataract and flying mosquito.

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reasons: 1. A product that can cure all diseases is certainly not a good product, or even a fake and shoddy product;

2. Myopia and hyperopia are two completely opposite eye diseases. It is impossible to treat both with one drug.

VIII This is wrong: children can’t wear corneal shaping glasses (OK glasses) because they are too dangerous.

Reason: children wearing corneal shaping glasses has been proved to be one of the most effective products to reduce paracentral defocus at present. It has a considerable effect on the prevention and treatment of myopia. It is especially suitable for children with low myopia astigmatism. As long as the indications are selected and worn scientifically, it is quite safe and reliable.

IX. this is wrong: no matter how the eye position and adjustment are, teenagers with low-grade myopia do not need to wear glasses when looking close, because they can see things clearly.

reason: the vast majority of children with myopia have inflexible adjustment. They don’t wear glasses when looking at near objects, which makes the adjustment of these children more inflexible.

X. This is wrong: children with myopia cannot wear oxygen permeable rigid contact lenses (RGP glasses).

reason: for a small number of high myopia and astigmatism teenagers with myopia, RGP glasses can correct and prevent myopia. As long as you choose good indications and wear them scientifically, RGP glasses are safe.