Abstract: in addition to feeling the world with small hands and small mouth, the most important thing for children is to observe the world with bright big eyes! As the saying goes, the eyes are the window of the soul. If the eyes are not well protected, the window to the soul will also be closed, which is painful for parents and children!
vision examination is very important.
children’s regular vision examination is the most important and effective means for early detection of children’s eye diseases, and it is also the first gateway for diagnosis, because the final result of any cause of ophthalmology is the change of vision. The symptoms of many children’s eye diseases are very few, and the age of onset is too young. Children do not express the feeling that they can’t see clearly. It is difficult for parents to find children’s vision problems. When children have language ability to express, often the best treatment opportunity has been missed, resulting in irreversible permanent visual damage and lifelong regret.
point of view: the protection of eyesight needs to start from the moment the baby is born.
the newborn baby has imperfect development of all organs of the body, especially the eyes.
apart from feeling the world with small hands and small mouth, the most important thing for children is to observe the world with bright big eyes! As the saying goes, the eyes are the window of the soul. If the eyes are not well protected, the window to the soul will also be closed, which is painful for parents and children!
completely get rid of the seven misunderstandings
children’s vision protection is not good. As a parent, do you have the following behaviors?
1. Feed the baby in one posture for a long time
because if you feed the baby in one posture for a long time, the baby will look at the light in one position, which is easy to cause the baby to squint.
2. Hang the toy above the child’s head.
the baby’s vision can’t see far away. Parents will hang the toy where the child can see without changing the position. The baby’s eyes turn to the middle for a long time, which is easy to cause esotropia.
3. The use of flash lights and Yuba
flash lights and Yuba belong to strong light sources. The baby’s eyes can not well accept the obvious changes of external lights. If they are irradiated by strong light sources, it is easy to weaken the baby’s vision.
4. Turn on the light to sleep at night
some parents are used to sleeping without turning off the light at night, so they can master the baby’s dynamics at night and deal with various situations for the baby in time, but the light at night will interfere with the baby’s brain nerve function. For example, it interferes with the baby’s sleep, hinders calcium absorption and induces myopia.
5. Let the baby watch too much TV and computer
because the patterns on the screen are colorful, the brightness changes frequently, fast and flickering. The baby looks at the screen for a long time, which is easy to cause visual fatigue.
6. Wear sunglasses for your baby
if you wear sunglasses for a long time, it will cause unclear retinal imaging, may affect visual development, and lead to diseases such as solar keratitis and corneal endothelial damage.
7. Let the baby lie down for parent-child reading.
when lying down, the blood flow in the brain will increase, the heartbeat will slow down, and the blood circulation will slow down, which is easy to make people tired. Lying reading, blood vessels in the eyes congest more, which is easy to cause visual fatigue. When does
give the baby the first visual examination?
the first visual screening should be carried out at the age of 3.
if the baby’s eyes look normal and there are no special abnormalities in daily life, according to the current proposal, the first visual screening should be carried out at the age of 3.
if any abnormality is detected, visual examination shall be arranged immediately. The so-called special abnormality refers to the appearance of the baby’s eyes or some abnormal behavior. Abnormal eye appearance includes strabismus or abnormal eye rotation, tears, abnormal white reflex of pupil, eyelid ptosis, etc.
the so-called abnormal behavior refers to some behaviors different from children of the same age caused by poor vision. For example, when the baby has learned to walk, he still dare not leave his parents and let go of their hands; When I got to the park, I didn’t dare to play by myself; Even in a familiar environment, they almost stick to their parents; It is easy to fall when walking; Don’t like to see things; Unable to make eye contact with people. In case of these conditions, visual examination should be carried out in advance.
preterm infants should pay more attention to visual problems.
preterm infants with gestational weeks less than 40 weeks and light birth weight may have unique retinopathy of preterm infants because the retina is not fully developed. Therefore, retinal examination will be carried out a few weeks after birth, and then they must be followed up regularly. In addition, preterm infants are also more prone to high myopia and astigmatism than normal full-term infants. Therefore, it is usually recommended that preterm infants use optical instruments to check the diopter of their eyes at the age of 6 months, so as to check whether there are relevant visual problems.
to sum up, if the child has no special abnormal conditions, according to the current recommendation, the first visual screening should be conducted at the age of 3. Why are
at the age of 3?
are mainly due to the development of vision. In addition to the functional development of the eye itself, they also involve the development of the visual cortex of the brain; Moreover, in terms of the current detection methods, children’s expression ability and cooperation are also very important. When the child reaches the age of 3 and has certain communication skills and enough cooperation, he can conduct a more careful vision assessment. In addition, diseases such as “amblyopia” need to be corrected for more than one year. The golden correction period is before the age of 6. If amblyopia is found at the age of 3, there is still time for correction, so as not to miss the golden period of correction.