You can’t do some sports with high myopia!

Abstract: with the increase of myopia degree, the eye axis continues to elongate, which is the pathological and anatomical basis of myopia. The main lesion is at the back of the eyeball, which is pear shaped or egg shaped, which will cause a variety of eye problems. There are more and more

myopia friends, including high myopia and even ultra-high myopia. Have you found that few people who love sports around are high myopia patients? Why?

in fact, high myopia friends are not lazy, but really can’t do strenuous exercise. Please be kind to your high myopia friends. Look down.

sports are divided into low-risk and high-risk

low-risk sports do not use balls, sticks, bats or rackets, and there is no physical contact, including track and field, swimming, gymnastics and cycling;

high risk sports use balls, sticks or rackets, or have physical contact, including basketball, football, badminton, hockey and other sports with rackets, as well as fencing and water polo.

in addition, diving and diving should also be included in high-risk sports; Very dangerous sports have physical contact and do not use eye protection devices, including boxing, wrestling and martial arts.

and

with the increase of myopia degree, the eye axis continues to elongate. The lengthening of eye axis is the pathological and anatomical basis of myopia. The main lesion is at the back of the eyeball, which is pear shaped or egg shaped, which will cause a variety of eye problems.

cornea

the posterior elastic layer of cornea may rupture in high myopia.

sclera

sclera thinning in myopia is one of the characteristics of pathological changes. The longitudinal fibers become thinner, and the transverse fibers separate or disappear. This is related to the abnormality of scleral collagen.

ciliary body

is mainly atrophic and can be limited to annular fibers.

vitreous

due to denaturation and liquefaction, the normal grid structure is damaged, and the gray fibers and vacuoles are increased. Adhesion can occur at the periphery and detachment can occur at the rear.

choroidal

mainly changed into progressive atrophy and thinning of choroid, including degeneration, destruction of melanocytes and neovascularization. The elastic layer is cracked, showing paint cracks.

optic disc

because the eyeball is extended backward, the choroid around the optic disc is pulled away from the optic disc. Bruch’s membrane also terminates here, and the sclera is exposed at the absence of the outer layer of the retina and pigment epithelium, thus forming a white arc spot area.

retinal

mainly showed degenerative changes. Including atrophy and degeneration. The normal hexagonal arrangement of retinal pigment epithelial cells was replaced by irregular cell layers. There are many pigments outside the cells. Pigment hyperplasia and accumulation at the crack of Bruch membrane. Annular Fuchs spots can be formed in the macular area. The absence of elastic layer makes the retina choroid fuse together, and finally there is scar and pigment. Choroidal neovascularization can break through Bruch membrane and grow under the retina to form subretinal neovascularization membrane. Rupture of neovascularization causes macular hemorrhage. The vitreous body can attach and draw the atrophic retina. It can cause retinal hole and detachment.

therefore, when the myopia is very high and the fundus and retina are seriously pulled, it is likely to damage the fundus and cause retinal detachment if it is seriously impacted or exerted too much force during exercise. Patients with high myopia must pay attention to the following points in daily exercise.

avoid impact

for patients with high myopia, the first thing to prohibit is fighting, diving, football and ice hockey, which are bound to be impacted. Secondly, strong confrontation basketball, football, volleyball and so on also try not to participate. Intense running and jumping may also increase eye pressure.

avoid exerting too much force

in the gym, although the eyes will not be impacted, heavy strength training, weight-bearing squat, inclined board push or belly roll, handstand, etc. may lead to increased intraocular pressure due to breath holding force or head blood filling. So that the already fragile retina is damaged.

scientific fitness

patients with high myopia can choose moderate jogging or cycling based aerobic exercise as much as possible. To do some targeted training in the gym, we should also adopt scientific training methods. The movement is accurate, do not hold your breath, and count many times with small weight.

regular inspection

the most important thing is to always pay attention to the state of your eyes. Regular inspection of the fundus is very important, regular inspection of the fundus is very important, and regular inspection of the fundus is very important. Under the condition that retinal damage has been found or the doctor has clearly told to prohibit, you must not reluctantly carry out high-intensity exercise.